chicle


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chicle

(chĭk`əl), name for the gum obtained from the latex of the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota), a tropical American evergreen. The sapodilla (known also by many other common names) is widely cultivated in tropical regions, including S Florida, for its fruit, which is plum-sized with translucent yellow-brown flesh. Large-scale cultivation of the tree for latex is impractical because it can be tapped only infrequently and varies widely in yield. Chicle is collected during the rainy season from wild trees in the rain forests. Natives, called chicleros, cut zigzag gashes in the tree trunk and collect the sap in bags. The collected material is boiled until it reaches the correct thickness and is then molded into blocks. These are exported, chiefly to the United States, for use in making chewing gumchewing gum,
confection consisting usually of chicle, flavorings, and corn syrup and sugar (or artificial sweeteners). Prehistoric people are believed to have chewed resins. Spruce resin was chewed as a thirst quencher by Native Americans, from whom pioneers adopted the custom.
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. Unsystematic and excessive tapping of the sapodilla (especially in the Yucatán peninsula, where it was most abundant) is leading to its depletion and has necessitated increasing use of chicle substitutes from other latex-producing plants.

chicle

[′chik·əl]
(materials)
A gummy exudate obtained from the bark of Achras zapota, an evergreen tree belonging to the sapodilla family (Sapotaceae); used as the principal ingredient of chewing gum.
References in periodicals archive ?
agradecen mucho la buena proposicion que se les hace, pero que habiendo recibido correspondencia de los senores SECUNDINO ESCANDON y de TOMAS TINAL en la que les ofresen armamento y parque en cambio de chicle, y en vista segun les ha asegurado el senor Tinal, de que el Senor Escandon es INGLES, por este motivo se le preferiria a este en vista de que los Mexicanos les han hecho mucho dano y perjudicandoles sus Cementeras.
The chicle tree's hardwood served as building timbers and long-burning charcoal and can still be found in door lintels at Chichen Itza and in fireplaces of the ancient Maya.
En los fumadores con alta dependencia, puede ser necesaria la utilizacion de formas combinadas de terapia sustitutiva, adicionando chicles o ta bletas [25].
La empresa --que ademas vende dulces y chicles en Ecuador, Peru y otros 37 paises-- fabrica hasta ahora en su pais todos los productos que vende en Colombia, incluyendo los Tumix.
Chicle List y Aztlan Net se centran en el arte, la cultura y la literatura chicana, mientras que mexican.
In the 1850s, paraffin wax became the new popular base for chewing gum, but both paraffin and spruce vanished when chicle gum was brought in a decade later.
She liked leaning against the minder's yielding chicle, humming along with the nursery rhymes it would sing to her.
The first candy-coated gum was called Chiclets (made with chicle, of course).
A reading of American Chicle does not support this view.
He named his invention after an ingredient from the chicle tree.
For example, carp, caviar, chard, cherimoya, chestnuts and chicle all were outlined within two pages in the ``C'' chapter.