chicle


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chicle

(chĭk`əl), name for the gum obtained from the latex of the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota), a tropical American evergreen. The sapodilla (known also by many other common names) is widely cultivated in tropical regions, including S Florida, for its fruit, which is plum-sized with translucent yellow-brown flesh. Large-scale cultivation of the tree for latex is impractical because it can be tapped only infrequently and varies widely in yield. Chicle is collected during the rainy season from wild trees in the rain forests. Natives, called chicleros, cut zigzag gashes in the tree trunk and collect the sap in bags. The collected material is boiled until it reaches the correct thickness and is then molded into blocks. These are exported, chiefly to the United States, for use in making chewing gumchewing gum,
confection consisting usually of chicle, flavorings, and corn syrup and sugar (or artificial sweeteners). Prehistoric people are believed to have chewed resins. Spruce resin was chewed as a thirst quencher by Native Americans, from whom pioneers adopted the custom.
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. Unsystematic and excessive tapping of the sapodilla (especially in the Yucatán peninsula, where it was most abundant) is leading to its depletion and has necessitated increasing use of chicle substitutes from other latex-producing plants.

chicle

[′chik·əl]
(materials)
A gummy exudate obtained from the bark of Achras zapota, an evergreen tree belonging to the sapodilla family (Sapotaceae); used as the principal ingredient of chewing gum.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chicle tree's hardwood served as building timbers and long-burning charcoal and can still be found in door lintels at Chichen Itza and in fireplaces of the ancient Maya.
A reading of American Chicle does not support this view.
The Company's products serve a vast range of applications, including food processing (cereal grains, cake mixes, chicle, drink mixes, flour, macaroni, meat scraps, poultry, salt, soybeans, spices, sugar, tea and yeast); chemical & agriculture; minerals and pharmaceuticals.
The Chicle Zone lies approximately 250m west of the Estrella Mine and appears to be one of several additional mineralized epithermal breccias where sampling gave up to 4.
Gum in its modern form came into being when a US photographer, Thomas Adams, experimented with chicle - sap from the sapodilla tree - which he knew native Indians chewed.
The more recent "El Chicle," a whimsically, delightful poem about the unwitting trajectory of a piece of gum that fell from the mouth of her son, has become quite famous.
La Estrella and Chicle areas0x20 - underground and surface sampling includes 5.
Today Uaxactun is a village of about seven hundred people located along either length of an airstrip built for the chicle industry, whose heyday existed from about 1890 to 1970.
in providing input into the development and design of CSP MarketLink, including American Chicle, Kraft Foods, M&M Mars, and Proctor and Gamble.
The Chicle Zone lies approximately 250m west of the Estrella Mine and 2km southwest of the drilled Reventon Breccia and appears to be one of several mineralized epithermal structures in addition to those sampled at La Estrella, El Taco and Cordon.
They include the avocado, cocoa, papaya and sapedillo, the source of chicle used to make chewing gum.