chikungunya


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chikungunya

(chĭkən-go͞on`yä), viral disease transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Symptoms appear after an incubation period of four to eight days and include sudden high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and often headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. The virus, of genus Alphavirus, occurs mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, but in recent decades has been found in Europe and the Americas. Though the disease is seldom fatal and symptoms generally subside after a few days, there is no cure for chikungunya, and it can cause long-term joint pain and other complications. Non-aspirin medications that reduce fever and relieve pain may help alleviate symptoms. Infection may be avoid by preventing mosquito bites with insect repellents and protective clothing and by removing water-filled breeding sites. The disease is sometimes misdiagnosed as dengue feverdengue fever
, acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease.
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, especially in areas where dengue is common. The virus was first identified in 1953, in Tanzania (then Tanganyika). Since 2000 there have been epidemics in several countries in SE Asia as well as islands in the Indian Ocean and the S Pacific. In 2007 the first outbreak in Europe occurred in NE Italy. The first outbreak in the Americas began in the Caribbean in 2013, and the first domestically acquired cases occurring in the United States were recorded in S Florida in 2014.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the disease, called chikungunya, usually is not fatal, the epidemic has overwhelmed hospitals, cut economic productivity and caused its sufferers days of pain and misery.
A report by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control in Stockholm found that the invading population of tiger mosquitoes in Ravenna caused the chikungunya virus to spread from the single infected tourist to scores of local residents.
With no clinically-approved vaccine or treatment for Chikungunya fever, it remains a worrying public health problem.
Study sites: Based on reported cases by State Health Department, Kelantan, a survey was conducted between June to December 2009 in localities with cases of chikungunya in four districts, namely Jeli, Tumpat, Pasir Mas and Tanah Merah.
Abdul Hakim Al-Khohlaini, manager of the epidemiological surveillance department at the Yemeni Ministry of Health, said that samples sent to Cairo for tests showed that the disease is chikungunya.
Chikungunya and dengue show a seasonal trend coinciding with southwest monsoon occurring from May to October, due to increase in vector density.
Hundreds of drug treatment tables, ICD-9 codes, new topics on vaccines and Chikungunya fever, and more make this a key reference for any college-level medical collection.
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) [5] is an arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) transmitted to humans by mosquitoes belonging to the Aedes genus.
9) Residual joint symptoms for several years have been described in some patients after Chikungunya virus infection.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Chikungunya - Pipeline Review, H2 2012', provides an overview of the Chikungunya therapeutic pipeline.
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albopictus, are principal vectors for dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV), both infectious to humans.