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Pathol an inflammation of the fingers, toes, or ears, caused by prolonged exposure to moisture and cold



a special form of frostbite in which the skin is injured by prolonged and repeated exposure to cold and dampness. Chilblain usually affects the nose, cheeks, hands, and ears; less commonly, it affects the feet, legs, and buttocks. It is characterized by limited or diffuse, reddish cyanotic patches that are swollen, hardened, cold to the touch, and painful when pressed. Chilblain is usually accompanied by an itching, burning sensation; pain arises if the affected area is warmed rapidly.

Acute forms of chilblain are distinguished from chronic forms, which are recurrent. The victim’s physiology and age influence the development of chilblain. The time of year is also a factor. Most cases occur in the spring and fall, usually affecting weakened persons, children, adolescents, and the elderly. Anemia, a poor diet, and vitamin deficiency, as well as nervous disorders, chronic infections, and poisonings, are conducive to the development of chilblain.

Treatment includes warm baths, massage, and rubbing with camphor spirit, as well as the application of iodine tinctures and the use of ultraviolet radiation. Fissures and ulcerations are treated with ointment dressings and by soaking in a potassium permanganate solution. Chilblain can be prevented by protecting exposed parts of the body against cold and dampness and by observing a healthy diet. Vitamins and preparations containing calcium, iron, and arsenic are also helpful.


References in periodicals archive ?
Perniosis also called chilblains is an abnormal reaction to cold that presents in susceptible individuals.
El estudio histopatologico de las lesiones muestra tambien hallazgos muy similares a los descritos en la perniosis, pero en el chilblain lupus se observa ademas una marcada degeneracion vacuolar a lo largo de la capa basal de la epidermis.
Imagine recalling the words to that charabanc favourite and scratching a chilblain at the same time.
It turns out that Bulwark-Stratton is a pen name for a lady author (Philipa Veil) whose father thought it improper for a female to write fiction--but who is now enabled to live in a small room in Chilblain Hall, and share a cup of tea with Glister now and then whilst enjoying the success of the novel she and Glister have created.
Localised vasculitis where there is inflammation round a small blood vessel may be mistaken for a developing chilblain.
All the teachers would have got there before us, even those from Scunthorpe, and if there was a power cut we'd burn desks in the middle of the classroom, roast our chestnuts and compare chilblains.
A CHILBLAINS are areas of itchy, purple-red, swollen skin and are caused by hypersensitivity to cold.
Aromatherapist mum Janet developed the ointment to increase blood flow, since chilblains are often caused by poor circulation.
They were probably trying out chilblain creams, or big slippers or knitting each other sweet bobbly hats.
BUDDING tycoon Adrian Whalley is selling his mum's home-made chilblain cream to airline passengers as a miracle cure for Deep Vein Thrombosis.