Chlorobenzene


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chlorobenzene

[‚klȯr·ō′ben‚zēn]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5Cl A colorless, mobile, volatile liquid with an almondlike odor; used to produce phenol, DDT, and aniline.

Chlorobenzene

 

a colorless liquid, with a characteristic odor and a boiling point of 131.7°C. Chlorobenzene is practically insoluble in water but is soluble in many organic solvents.

In industry chlorobenzene is produced by the catalytic chlorination of benzene, carried out at 75°–85°C using metallic iron as the catalyst. It is used in the production of phenol, 4,4′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and intermediate products during the synthesis of dyes. It is also used as a solvent in laboratory work.

References in periodicals archive ?
In order to assess toxicity symptoms in soybean seedlings under chlorobenzene stress, different concentrations (0, 4, 8, 16, 24 mM [L.
The demand for chlorobenzene in the market is expected to slow down owing to the various factors that volatilize the environment.
Akinetic treatment of the gas phase hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene over nickel/silica: beyond conventional kinetics.
While sources within the SAM instrument also produce chlorinated hydrocarbons, they don't make more than 22 parts-per-billion of chlorobenzene, far below the amounts detected in the mudstone sample, giving the team confidence that organic molecules really are present on Mars.
Oxidation of chlorobenzene with Fenton's reagent, Environmental Science and Technology 25: 777-782.
Samples are soaked in chlorobenzene before developing, which makes it easier for liftoff.
Before developing, we soaked the samples in chlorobenzene for 5 minutes to make them easier for liftoff.
Samples were first soaked in chlorobenzene for 5 minutes before developing, which made them easier for liftoff.
Phenyl chlorosilanes are obtained by direct reaction of chlorobenzene and silicon at an elevated temperature and also by alkylation via the Grignard reaction.
Table 1: Comparison of PDE and MCL in three toxicological studies 2003 2003 2006 ICH Q3C ICH Q3C EAP DW Solvent CAS # Class PDE (mg/day) 2L/day MCL (mg/day) Chlorobenzene 108-90-7 2 3.
1985, The information on chlorobenzene and benzene by the reductive metabolism of lindane in rat liver microsomes.