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(organic chemistry)
C6H5Cl A colorless, mobile, volatile liquid with an almondlike odor; used to produce phenol, DDT, and aniline.



a colorless liquid, with a characteristic odor and a boiling point of 131.7°C. Chlorobenzene is practically insoluble in water but is soluble in many organic solvents.

In industry chlorobenzene is produced by the catalytic chlorination of benzene, carried out at 75°–85°C using metallic iron as the catalyst. It is used in the production of phenol, 4,4′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and intermediate products during the synthesis of dyes. It is also used as a solvent in laboratory work.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mineral-catalyzed Fenton-like oxidation of sorbed chlorobenzenes, Water Environment Research 69: 269-275.
2], p-xylene and chlorobenzene 500-550 [degrees]C, the temperatures being shifted by 50-150 [degrees]C towards higher temperatures as compared to these at the heating rate of 5 [degrees]C [min.
Acetonitrile, chlorobenzene, ethyl acetate, ether (all spectrophotometric grade); nitrobenzene (A.
Figure 1 showed the mass spectra of the white crystals (DCDPS) formed from the reaction of chlorobenzene and chlorosulfonic acid.
Several gallons of chlorobenzene leaked out of a corroded 55-gallon drum inside Microwave Monolithics Inc.
End-Use Profile II-12 Building Block for Other Organic Compounds II-12 Ethylbenzene and Styrene II-12 Cumene and Phenol II-12 Cyclohexane II-12 Nitrobenzene and Aniline II-12 Chlorobenzene II-12 Alkylbenzene II-12 Motor Fuel Additive II-13 Industrial Solvent II-13 Other Uses II-13
As P3HT solubility in different solvents is in the order: chlorobenzene > o-DCB> chloroform> TOL> CHN> BZD> ANI.
Several other chemicals are also manufactured using benzene, including: -- Cyclohexane -- Nitrobenzene -- LAB -- Maleic Anhydride -- Naphthalene -- Chlorobenzene -- BHC TechNavio's analysts forecast the Global Benzene market to grow at a CAGR of 4.
The bulk of the book consists of tables recommended calibration bands covering four solvents (benzene, toluene, chlorobenzene, and dichloromethane), optical paths ranging from 2 to 100 [[micro]meter] and wavenumbers ranging from 4800 to 600 [cm.
In tests with a small incinerator burning chlorobenzene, the Argonne device "works beautifully," McIntosh reports.