Black Chokeberry

(redirected from chokeberry)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Black Chokeberry


(Aronia melanocarpa), a shrub of the family Rosaceae measuring 1.5–3 m tall. The leaves are elliptical and serrate. The shiny black fruits are globose and measure 0.7–1.5 cm in diameter. The dark red pulp is tart and astringent; the juice is ruby-colored.

The black chokeberry occurs in eastern regions of North America. Introduced into cultivation in the USSR by I. V. Michurin, it is widespread in commercial and farm orchards of the European USSR (the Baltic region and the northern, northwestern, and central regions of the RSFSR), Siberia, and the Altai. It thrives in various soils and climates, although it does require much moisture. The fruits, which contain sugars, vitamins P and C, and provitamin A, are used in fresh or dried form. They are used to make juice, jam, and various medicinal substances. The yield is 3–8.5 kg per shrub (50–70 quintals per hectare). The plants are set out in sunny areas in spring or autumn, with a distance of 4 m between rows and 1.5–3 m between plants in a row. The shrubs form many shoots, which thicken the plantings and require systematic pruning. Black chokeberries are ornamental, especially in the spring, when the plants are covered with large white inflorescences, and in the autumn, when they are covered with scarlet leaves. The shrubs are often used in landscaping. The plants are nectar bearers.


Burmistrov, A. D. lagodny kul’tury. Leningrad, 1972.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Red chokeberry isn't picky about soil, wet or dry, and has no serious pests or diseases.
Black chokeberry extract regulates lipid metabolism and lipoprotein assembly through the activation of SIRT3 [31].
A The chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) is an edible fruit of the deciduous shrub in the rose family, often used as an ornamental plant due to its resilience and color.
chokeberry juice) limit the exercise-induced oxidative damage to red blood cells, most probably by enhancing the endogenous antioxidant defense system (74).
Polyploidy breeding of blue honeysuckle and black chokeberry by utilizing in vitro- cultures treated with colchicine.
When researchers at King's College Hospital and Southampton University combined the American chokeberry (above) with gemcitabine, a chemotherapy drug used for pancreatic cancer, they discovered it increased the effectiveness of the chemotherapy.
Homeland of black chokeberry is the Eastern part of North America.
5 mg, while among fruits it is mostly found in currant and black chokeberry [22].
Either the red or black chokeberry, Aronia, are native, May-blooming shrubs that dependably produce substantial berry crops yearly.
Antithrombin effect of polyphenol-rich extracts from black chokeberry and grape seeds.
As a group, we've been empowered more than past generations of women," notes Nelson, whose debut novel, Black Chokeberry, is the story of three disparate older women who unexpectedly end up sharing a home.