Chola

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Chola

(chō`lə), S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
, formerly Madras
, state (2001 provisional pop. 62,110,839), 50,180 sq mi (129,966 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Chennai (formerly Madras).
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. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and ThanjavurThanjavur
, formerly Tanjore
, city (1991 pop. 202,013), Tamil Nadu state, SE India. It is a district administrative headquarters and a rice-milling center on the Kaveri River delta, known as the "rice bowl" of Tamil Nadu.
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 (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at the end of the 9th cent. A.D. it rose again. Under the famous rulers Rajaraja I (reigned 985–1014) and Rajendra I (reigned 1014–42) Chola power reached its zenith. The former conquered Kerala and occupied N Sri Lanka; the latter completed the conquest of Sri Lanka, invaded Bengal, and sent out a great naval expedition that occupied parts of Myanmar, Malaya, and Sumatra. For 300 years the Chola kingdom supported a flourishing social and economic life, marked by a flowering of Hindu culture. Its greatest architectural monument is an 11th-century temple at Tanjore, which was dedicated to Shiva in celebration of a military victory. By the 13th cent. the kingdom was in decline, and the dynasty ended in 1279.

Chola

 

the name of an ancient and medieval state in southern India and the dynasty that ruled the state. The capital of the state, Cholamandalam, was located in the region of Thanjavur. The state language was Tamil.

The feudal despotism of the Chola dynasty reached its height between the late tenth and early 12th centuries, when the rulers subjugated other regions of Tamil Nadu (including Panyamandalam, Tondaimandalam, and Kongumandalam) and parts of what are now Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Sri Lanka. During the same period, the economy and culture of Tamil Nadu flourished. From the 13th to 18th centuries, branches of the Chola family governed a number of small princely states in various regions of southern India.

References in periodicals archive ?
This is in addition to the killing of Cholo chiefs whom they massacred between Kodok and Malakal miserably with impunity last year," Ngundeng said.
The process of creating Cholo was about using the finest elements, she explained, "like following a recipe to cook pasta using the best cheese and richest sauce".
Collectively these works will display how the historical neighbourhood where Sikka is, looks," said Cholo.
The duo have even made megastar Amitabh Bachchan sing a Rabindra sangeet Ekla cholo re for it.
The owner of ACTk9, Horan has qualified to compete with his beloved German shepherd, Cholo del Valle de la Luna, known affectionately as Cholo, on the American Working Dog Federation World Championship team.
Central characters become zombies, each one's subsequent return revealing attitudes to the frameworks of 'normal' society--family, race and class--that invite us to question these structures: Johnny (Russell Streiner) is killed at the start of Night of the Dead, and later arrives at the farmhouse apparently looking for his sister Barbra (Judith O'Dea); Stephen (David Emge) in Dawn of the Dead emerges from a zombie attack transformed, then proceeds to lead the other zombies through the shopping mall to a partition concealing entrance to the humans' living quarters; Cholo (John Leguizamo) in Land of the Dead is bitten, but refuses to be shot, returning to attack villainous tycoon Kaufman (Dennis Hopper).
Executives and sales and marketing team members from Crown Imports and Ace Beverage gathered recently at El Cholo Restaurant in Los Angeles to celebrate Ace Beverage selling one million cases of Modelo Especial in 2010.
And so I said, nice and sincere, like only a charming cholo can--
The music is tribal guarachero--clubbed out sounds that draw on regional folk songs and post - emo culture, cholo attitude and electro - house to create the distinctly Mexican sounds of the 21st century's newest music.
Starting on a somber note with Raga Desh, the brothers later played a melange of compositions on Raga Bageshri and ended their performance with the famous Tagore song (and Mahatma Gandhi's favourite), Akla cholo re.
Mulligan, the revolutionary; Slack, the prostitute; and Reilly, Cholo, and Charlie, raiders who salvage goods for the living from nearby zombie-infested towns, have all fallen out of this habit as is evidenced by their resistance to authority.
The coaching staff includes Fernandez, Adonis Tierra, and Cholo Martin.