chromaffin cell


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to chromaffin cell: adrenal medulla

chromaffin cell

[krō′ma·fən ‚sel]
(histology)
Any cell of the suprarenal organs in lower vertebrates, of the adrenal medulla in mammals, of the paraganglia, or of the carotid bodies that stains with chromium salts.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike CV in the urchin egg, secretory vesicles of chromaffin cells are concurrently present at various stages of secretory readiness.
These cell stain yellow brown with the chrome salts and hence are called chromaffin cells.
Thus, the chromaffin cell plasticity is analogous to neuronal degeneration of hippocampal neurons and apoptosis of lymphocytes.
Lumbar intrathecal transplant is easiest in humans and was used in all the earlier adrenal chromaffin cell therapy for chronic pain in humans [82-83].
Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) [3] are neuroendocrine tumors arising from adrenal and extraadrenal chromaffin cells, respectively (1).
Chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla are derived from multipotent neural crest cells in the developing embryo.
The time course reported here is different from that observed in other secretory systems such as the chromaffin cell (14), where the transient develops over 10 to 100 ms and where the calcium buffering properties may be quite different.
The most studied chromogranin is CgA, which was first isolated from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla as a single polypeptide chain of 439 amino acids and 10 dibasic cleavage sites.
EN1 is present within isolated chromaffin granules, secreted from chromaffin cells in culture, and inhibits trypsin and plasmin via cleavage at basic residues [29].
Different cells are immobilized to fulfill the requirement like adrenal chromaffin cells, parathyroid cells and insulin-producing cells (Langerhans islets) for the treatment of Type I diabetes (Then et al.
Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumours that arise from extra-adrenal paraganglia and consist of specialized catecholamine-secreting chromaffin cells.
Phenylethanolamine N-methyl transferase (PNMT), an enzyme localized in adrenal chromaffin cells and pheochromocytes, leads to the methylation onto the amino group of norepinephrine to produce epinephrine.