chromaffin cell


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Related to chromaffin cell: adrenal medulla

chromaffin cell

[krō′ma·fən ‚sel]
(histology)
Any cell of the suprarenal organs in lower vertebrates, of the adrenal medulla in mammals, of the paraganglia, or of the carotid bodies that stains with chromium salts.
References in periodicals archive ?
To evaluate the cytotoxic effect in cultured chromaffin cells, LDH release assay has been used by (Sicard et al.
The cells, called chromaffin cells, have large vesicles, 200 nanometers (nm) across.
Lesions may occur in multiples along the extra-adrenal chromaffin cell system; 40%-50% of all patients with an autosomal dominant familial variant will demonstrate multiple lesions.
Lazorthes Y, Sagen J, Sallerin B, Tkaczuk J et al, "Human Chromaffin Cell Graft into the CSF for Cancer Pain Management: A Prospective Phase II Clinical Study", Pain, 2000, Jul.
Lumbar intrathecal transplant is easiest in humans and was used in all the earlier adrenal chromaffin cell therapy for chronic pain in humans [82-83].
Chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla are derived from multipotent neural crest cells in the developing embryo.
Tympanic paragangliomas are neuroendocrine neoplasms located in the middle ear and arising from chromaffin cells of the parasympathetic paraganglia.
A phaeochromocytoma is a rare neuro-endocrine tumour of the paraganglionic chromaffin cells affecting 2-8 persons per million per year.
PCC and paraganglioma (PGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumors arising from chromaffin cells.
The specific aims of this proposal are: 1) to characterize the alpha6-containing nAChR subtype(s) present in human adrenal chromaffin cells and to investigate the regulation of their expression by nicotine; 2) to study the functional interaction between alpha6beta4 nAChRs and mitochondria; 3) the regulation of this nAChR subtype by mitochondrial ROS.
Because of its association with amine/ peptide secretory materials, CGA is expressed in chromaffin cells (adrenal medulla, paraganglia, among others), enterochromaffin-like cells, and b cells of the pancreas but not in steroid hormone producing cells (adrenal cortex, gonads, for instance).
Pheochromocytomas and catecholamine-secreting paragangliomas, also referred to as extraadrenal pheochromocytomas, are rare neuroendocrine tumors that arise from chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla and sympathetic ganglia.