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Angling chiefly US and Canadian chopped fish, meal, etc., used as groundbait


a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta



the Russian name of a portable dwelling used by the Nentsi of the European part of the USSR and by the peoples of Siberia, including the Ket, Northern Yakuts, Oroki, Evenki, Nganasani, and Tuvinians-Todzhintsy.

The chum, built of 30 to 50 poles, was conical, with a round or slightly oval base and a floor diameter of 3 to 8 m. In the winter it was covered with sewn hides of reindeer, Manchurian deer, or elk, and in the summer, with boiled birch bark or, sometimes, canvas or burlap. The entrance was covered with hides in the winter and coarse fabric in the summer. In the center of the chum was a hearth. On both sides of the entrance were the sleeping areas; birch bark, willow mats, and dry grass were spread on the floor and reindeer hides were placed on top. With the transition of the nomadic peoples to a settled way of life, the chumy gradually fell into disuse and were replaced in some places by tents.

References in periodicals archive ?
Survivor was far superior, with contestants having to compete and plot against each other, instead of the soppy chumminess of the Big Brother inmates.
Others disdain police-journalistic chumminess, because it can co-opt, or, in extreme cases, corrupt journalists (as in Al Capone's Chicago, where reporters sometimes used police information to tip off mobsters).
He does not have much faith in the Department of Health taking appropriate steps to safeguard mobile phone users, pointing to a certain amount of chumminess at high levels.
Oberholzer notes that until recently scientists could not make dense enough fermion streams to explore the particles' chumminess.
At this moment, we need clarity and courage, above all, not chumminess.
Hart terms these proposals "testosteronal in nature," designed to counteract the "soft politics" that produce excessive chumminess among the nation's elites, and argues that they are inadequate.
Couldn't all this chumminess and respect just lend the nation's capital an air of pleasant, small-town warmth?
Some people succeed with coddling and brown-nosing, but the really sharp bosses recognize it for what it is -- trying to make up with social chumminess what the employee lacks in competitive job performance.
But what can get overshadowed in the criticism about her emotional interviewing style, blurring of the lines between news and entertainment and chumminess with some sources are the accomplishments of a half-century run in the television business.
Labour/Tory chumminess is on display every week in the Scottish Parliament and at Scottish Questions in Westminster.
McClaren may have been the clot who threw Scott Carson in for his England debut in a draw-or-bust Euro 2008 qualifier, and his England reign was characterised by that faux chumminess with 'JT', 'Lamps' and 'Stevie G'.
The chumminess of the presenters is nauseating in the extreme - laughing at each other's lame jokes, feigning interest about their mutual knowledge of the eating habits of grasshoppers.