chum

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chum

1
Angling chiefly US and Canadian chopped fish, meal, etc., used as groundbait

chum

2
a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta

Chum

 

the Russian name of a portable dwelling used by the Nentsi of the European part of the USSR and by the peoples of Siberia, including the Ket, Northern Yakuts, Oroki, Evenki, Nganasani, and Tuvinians-Todzhintsy.

The chum, built of 30 to 50 poles, was conical, with a round or slightly oval base and a floor diameter of 3 to 8 m. In the winter it was covered with sewn hides of reindeer, Manchurian deer, or elk, and in the summer, with boiled birch bark or, sometimes, canvas or burlap. The entrance was covered with hides in the winter and coarse fabric in the summer. In the center of the chum was a hearth. On both sides of the entrance were the sleeping areas; birch bark, willow mats, and dry grass were spread on the floor and reindeer hides were placed on top. With the transition of the nomadic peoples to a settled way of life, the chumy gradually fell into disuse and were replaced in some places by tents.

References in periodicals archive ?
The proposed rules effectively would have blocked Capella from chumming in the easily accessible and shark-filled waters off Ano Nuevo and the Farallon Islands.
Capella had fought the rules, maintaining that chumming is harmless to sharks and that surfers and divers already risk their lives by entering shark-infested seas.
Cappella and another charter captain also argued that chumming was a traditional form of fishing, which is allowed in the Monterey Bay sanctuary, and that chumming would not add significant danger to people in the water.
The shiny scales make this a good option for chumming, as well as chunk baits.
The heavy chumming is necessary to make the yellowtail overcome their innate reticence and come up to feed with abandon.
Chumming for cobia can be done on the bottom or near the surface.