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Angling chiefly US and Canadian chopped fish, meal, etc., used as groundbait


a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta



the Russian name of a portable dwelling used by the Nentsi of the European part of the USSR and by the peoples of Siberia, including the Ket, Northern Yakuts, Oroki, Evenki, Nganasani, and Tuvinians-Todzhintsy.

The chum, built of 30 to 50 poles, was conical, with a round or slightly oval base and a floor diameter of 3 to 8 m. In the winter it was covered with sewn hides of reindeer, Manchurian deer, or elk, and in the summer, with boiled birch bark or, sometimes, canvas or burlap. The entrance was covered with hides in the winter and coarse fabric in the summer. In the center of the chum was a hearth. On both sides of the entrance were the sleeping areas; birch bark, willow mats, and dry grass were spread on the floor and reindeer hides were placed on top. With the transition of the nomadic peoples to a settled way of life, the chumy gradually fell into disuse and were replaced in some places by tents.

References in periodicals archive ?
He focuses his chumming efforts in shallow water, rarely deeper than 5 feet, from April through October.
A spokesman said the permit was withdrawn to calm panic among the public, not because officials believed the chumming was linked to the shark attack.
The water drops and rises vertically mostly, though chumming can still produce.
Researchers backed the surfers and divers, complaining that chumming, once commonly used by scientists to study sharks, alters the animals' natural behavior.
Its resolution, it appears, will be this: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the government agency that controls the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, has proposed rules that will ban almost all shark chumming in the sanctuary, which includes Ano Nuevo and a large portion of the California coast.
Two methods of chumming are most productive in my opinion.
Live or dead chumming offshore is a concerted effort to transport baitfish to a location you think may be holding gamefish, and is one of the most consistent methods of attracting gamefish to a drifting boat in open water.
If there's no current, the chum is not going to work, no matter how good it is, so move until you find current before you start chumming.
What holds snapper in the neighborhood is constant chumming," Hayes said.