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in Europe, fermented juice of apples; in the United States, unfermented apple juice, unless allowed to ferment, in which case it is typically known as hard cider. Selected apples are grated in a mill, and the juice is expressed and, for hard cider, fermented and filtered. The commercial product is usually pasteurized or treated with preservatives and is frequently blended to balance the chief constituents, sugar, malic acid, and tannin. In France cider is made principally in Normandy and Brittany. It is at its best after a year or two in cask. English cider from the southern and western counties is noted and rivals beer as a popular alcoholic beverage. Cider is popular also in Germany, Spain, and Switzerland. Perry is a similar beverage made from pears.



a low-alcohol (5–7 percent by volume) fruit wine obtained by the fermentation of apple juice. The characteristic qualities of cider are attributable to the taste and aroma of apples and to the saturation of the fermented beverage with carbon dioxide. Cider is generally made from late-season apples and may be sweet (sugar content, 10 g/l), semisweet (5 g/l), and dry (sugarless).

Cider originated in northern France, where it is the name given to any alcoholic beverage made from apples. It is consumed widely in Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, and other countries. In the USSR, cider is produced in the RSFSR, Byelorussia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.


(food engineering)
Juice extracted from apples or similar fruits that has not been subjected to processing.


, cyder
1. an alcoholic drink made from the fermented juice of apples
2. US and Canadian an unfermented drink made from apple juice
References in periodicals archive ?
We don't just brew ciders, we craft moments," said Fran Toves, owner, Common Cider Company.
Hogan's Cider founder and managing director Allen Hogan said: "Opening the pop-up in Moseley alongside the Dark Horse seemed like a great opportunity for us to get a presence in this really vibrant community.
For those crazy enough not to love cider we also have some fantastic craft keg beers from Adnams and Camden Brewery.
As more consumers purchase products that are craft, local, and/or small-batch, they are increasingly drinking cider.
This week a petition signed by more than 26,000 people was presented at Downing Street to stop tax changes proposed by the EU that would crush small cider producers.
The Raglan Cider Mill, in rural Monmouthshire, picked up a silver for its perry, Snowy Owl.
We've been visiting distributors, sampling them with our products and educating them on cider and our brands.
Although cider fell out of favor as spirits, wine, and beer became more popular, cider is currently regaining interest and attention and has become the fastest-growing beverage in the alcohol market in the Unites States.
A good cider also works as a brilliant accompaniment to a meal.
Springfield in Monmouthshire won the cider gold medal for its Wobbly Munk cider, described by the judges as having "fantastic balance with a pleasantly sharp aftertaste of apple and bitter lemon".
The Welsh Perry and Cider Festival, which was held at Blaengawney Farm, Hafodyrynys over the Jubilee bank holiday weekend and organised by the Welsh Perry and Cider Society, saw over 1000 visitors sample and purchase over 3500 pints of cider and perry.