vinegar

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vinegar,

sour liquid consisting mainly of acetic acid and water, produced by the action of bacteria on dilute solutions of ethyl alcohol derived from previous yeast fermentationfermentation,
process by which the living cell is able to obtain energy through the breakdown of glucose and other simple sugar molecules without requiring oxygen. Fermentation is achieved by somewhat different chemical sequences in different species of organisms.
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. The coloring and flavoring are characteristic of the alcoholic liquor (as cider, beer, wine, fermented fruit juices, solutions of barley malt, hydrolyzed cereals, starches, or sugars) from which the vinegar is made. Vinegar is used as a salad dressing, a preservative, a household remedy to allay irritations, a mild disinfectant, and, in cooking, as a fiber softener. Vinegar has been known from antiquity as a natural byproduct of wine; the name is derived from the French vin aigre [sour wine]. The manufacture as a separate industry began in France in the 17th cent. The wasteful, slow, or natural, process, a spontaneous fermentation in casks half full of beechwood shavings exposed to the atmosphere by bung holes, was superseded in the early 19th cent. by the quick, or generator, method. The generator used in present-day commercial manufacture is usually a tall, truncated cone or vertical, wood tank with a false bottom perforated to admit air that is generally forced through by a blower. The alcoholic solution is allowed to drip through a filling of hard-wood shavings or other material presenting a large surface area. Vinegar made by this method must be aged to remove a natural harshness. It is generally clarified, then pasteurized. Some vinegars are subjected to distillation which removes most of the flavorings other than acetic acid. In another process, the solution is aerated directly by a spinning rotor. The wood shavings are not needed in this case, and the process runs continuously. Acetic fermentation may be impeded by an excessive growth of mother of vinegar, a slimy mass of bacteria, or of the parasitic vinegar eel, a minute, threadlike worm.

vinegar

[′vin·ə·gər]
(materials)
The product of the incomplete oxidation to acetic acid of ethyl alcohol produced by a primary fermentation of vegetable materials; contains not less than 4 grams of acetic acid per gallon; used in preparation of pickled fruits and vegetables and in salad dressing.

vinegar

given to Jesus to drink. [N.T.: Matthew 26:34, 48]

vinegar

a sour-tasting liquid consisting of impure dilute acetic acid, made by oxidation of the ethyl alcohol in beer, wine, or cider. It is used as a condiment or preservative
References in periodicals archive ?
And, of course, apple cider vinegar is a classic salad dressing ingredient, which you can definitely get a little creative with
Slender Cider was created by Rena Greenberg and introduced in September, 2011, as the first liquid herbal supplement concentrate composed of 11 therapeutic herbs in a base of organic apple cider vinegar, sweetened only minimally with unrefined stevia and pure cherry and lemon concentrates, with no alcohol, caffeine, unrefined sugar or fillers.
Added a pint of stored "mother" (or you could add some non-pasturized cider vinegar from the store).
Take an eighth of a cup of your herb infused oil and add one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar, one tablespoon of vodka or brandy and ten drops of essential oil (again, the essential oils of the plants listed just above are perfect for this oil).
In response, Heinz is re-affirming its commitment to use only natural, sun-ripened corn and fresh apples - never petroleum - in its popular Heinz Distilled White and Apple Cider Vinegar.
Apple cider vinegar, either used directly on the skin or included in one's diet can help prevent psoriasis.
First wash your face and then mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with two cups of water.
Serves 8) INGREDIENTS FOR THE DRESSING: 3tbsp cider vinegar, 1/2tsp Dijon mustard, 2 garlic cloves, crushed, 1/2tsp soft light brown sugar, 180ml extra virgin olive oil FOR THE RICE: 1tbsp olive oil, 1 onion, peeled and finely chopped, 1 cinnamon stick, halved, 5 allspice berries, crushed, 1/2tsp ground ginger, 1/4tsp chilli flakes, 500g mixed brown basmati, red and wild rice, 1 litre light chicken or vegetable stock, 1 bay leaf, 2tbsp chopped flat-leaf parsley, 50g pistachios, chopped FOR THE PUMPKIN: 750g sweet pumpkin or squash, peeled, seeded and cut into wedges or chunks, 75ml olive oil, 2tbsp clear honey, 3tbsp balsamic vinegar METHOD Make the dressing so that it's ready when you need it - just put all the ingredients in a jam jar and give it a good shake.
New York, Apr 11 ( ANI ): Scarlett Johansson has opened up about her skincare obsession in the February issue of Elle UK, confessing that she washes her face with apple cider vinegar.
INGREDIENTS for the piccalilli 100g salt 1 lt water 330g cucumber, peeled and diced 330g pickling onions, halved 330g cauliflower, broken into small florettes 85g caster sugar 1 tspn mustard powder ' tspn ground ginger 450ml cider vinegar 2 tbspn plain flour 1 tbspn ground turmeric for the terrine 1 small ham hock, soaked overnight salt and pepper 2 large leeks 200g cooked new potatoes, sliced fresh parsley METHOD.
Mix one teaspoon of cider vinegar with two tablespoons of sea-salt.
Ingredients 300ml Fresh apple juice Two packs essential Waitrose British pork rack of loin ribs or two packs essential Waitrose British Pork Spare Ribs (about 1kg total in either case) Two cloves garlic, crushed One tbsp chopped thyme One tbsp white wine or cider vinegar Two tbsp black treacle Method Boil the juice rapidly in a small pan for about 15 minutes until reduced by two-thirds, then cool.