ciguatoxin


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ciguatoxin

[¦sēg·wə¦täk·sən]
(biochemistry)
A toxin produced by the benthic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Fish consumed by patient A at restaurant A was ruled out as the potential intoxicant vehicle because it is not commonly associated with ciguatoxin cases and was dissimilar to the other case exposures.
2,14-16) In 2014, scientists from the FDA reported that of nearly 200 lionfish caught off the US Virgin Islands during 2010-2011, 12 percent contained ciguatoxin that exceeded the FDA guidance level of 0.
Ciguatoxin bioaccumulates up the food chain as herbivorous fish eat the algae and are themselves eaten by carnivorous fish.
We tested several samples of lionfish and have unfortunately found that an uncomfortably high percentage showed the presence of ciguatoxin in the meat," says Tadzio Bervoets of Sint Maarten's Nature Foundation.
Ciguatoxin and brevetoxins, neurotoxic polyether compound active on sodium channels.
Sira Technologies has held the patent on a solid-phase immunobead assay (S-PIA) that has been used successfully in detecting ciguatoxin and okadaic acid.
Fish can harbor naturally occurring toxins such as scombrotoxin and ciguatoxin, while shellfish can play host to microbial hazards such as Vibrio bacteria or noroviruses.
Relevant jury verdicts in the WLN databases were identified by searching for the general classification term "food poisoning" and the names of common foodborne pathogens and illnesses (botulism, Campylobacter, campylobacteriosis, ciguatera, ciguatoxin, Clostridium, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, E.
This food poisoning is mainly caused by eating fish flesh containing a fat-soluble toxin called ciguatoxin.
Other dinollagellates that live in association with seaweeds on coral reefs produce ciguatoxin, which takes a similar shape and attacks the same channel.
Section two, on polyether toxins in seafood poisoning, includes articles on the molecular basis of ciguatoxin action; detection, metabolism, and pathophysiology of brevetoxins; X-ray crystallographic studies of marine toxins; and effects of maitotoxin on smooth and cardiac muscle.