cingulate


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

cingulate

[′siŋ·gyə·lət]
(biology)
Having a girdle of bands or markings.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on Libet's findings we could make useful predictions concerning the time it takes for conflict to be detected in the anterior cingulate cortex and a subsequent response being triggered and initiated.
In humans, the allele rs53576A, a variant of the gene for OXT receptor, is correlated with anatomical differences in the volume of the hypothalamus, the connectivity between hypothalamus and amygdala, hypothalamus and anterior cingulate cortex, as well as behavioral differences in sociality (e.
High densities of opioid receptors are located in all areas of the central nervous system known to be involved in integrating information about pain such as cingulate cortex, periaqueductal gray matter and reticular formation (8) and, these major structures of the medial pain system have a very high concentration of opioid receptors (5).
15) It seems that other brain regions, principally the insular and somatosensory cortices and the parahippocampal gyrus, along with the anterior cingulate and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, are involved in the anticipation of aversive affective images.
Coupling of theta activity and glucose metabolism in the human rostral anterior cingulate cortex: an EEG/PET study of normal and depressed subjects.
The DT-MRI results revealed significantly altered connectivity, particularly in the right anterior cingulate bundle, he said.
After administration, F-18 FDG PET was used to measure the differences in the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose in the insula, cingulate and amygdala regions of the brain.
Scientists Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael Posner reported that improved mood changes coincided with increased axonal density, more brain-signaling connections, and an expansion of myelin, the protective fatty tissue that surrounds the axons, in the brain's anterior cingulate region.
Haroush and Williams found the cells by implanting electrodes into the back part of the anterior cingulate cortex in four male macaques and then teaching the monkeys to play the game.
As an example, he cited how activity in the anterior cingulate cortex in overweight people given food cues may be interpreted as a sign of craving.
Matthew Apps and Narender Ramnani, from Royal Holloway, University of London, said: "The great complexity of human social interactions and the huge variation in what we find rewarding compared with other primates prompts questions about whether the anterior cingulate gyrus operates similarly in the human brain.
They are the prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex.