cingulum

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cingulum

[′sin·gyə·ləm]
(anatomy)
The ridge around the base of the crown of a tooth.
(botany)
The part of a plant between stem and root.
(invertebrate zoology)
Any girdlelike structure.
A band of color or a raised line on certain bivalve shells.
The outer zone of cilia on discs of certain rotifers.
The clitellum in annelids.
(neuroscience)
The tract of association nerve fibers in the brain, connecting the callosal and the hippocampal convolutions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the intelligent information technology applications described include neuronal ensemble entropy coding in the anterior cingulated cortex of rats under fear conditioning, the impact of resolution on facial recognition, and application of the ant colony algorithm to QoS multicast routing.
Humans do have a third prefrontal region--the lateral or granular cortex, in addition to the orbital and anterior cingulated regions common to other mammals.
cingulated gyrus, dorsolateral cortex, and orbitofrontal cortex) and changes in dopamine levels in the striatum (which also contains the nucleus accumbens) of control subjects.
5) In a series of research studies conducted on OCD patients, a four-step attention strategy successfully redirected pathological OCD circuitry, as revealed by marked changes in the metabolic consumption of associated brain regions including the orbital frontal cortex, caudate nucleus and anterior cingulated gyrus.
Although self-initiated and externally triggered movements activitate similar cortical areas, there is some evidence that internally generated movements use more cognitive (attentional) reserve by additionally activating the pre-SMA, anterior cingulated cortex and bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex--hence the benefit of using an external cue such as an auditory or visual cue to enhance gait when automaticity is compromised (Wu et al 2004).
Preliminary evidence for medication effects on functional abnormalities in the amygdale and anterior cingulated in bipolar disorder.
Stress can lower the pain threshold and produce other GI symptoms, and psychosocial disturbances may increase pain perception via functional changes in the cingulated cortex, the brain's pain modulation center.
84) Core consciousness is underpinned primarily by phylogenetically old brain structures: brain-stem, somatosensory, and cingulated cortices.