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see kitharakithara
or cithara
, musical instrument of the ancient Greeks. It was a plucked instrument, a larger and stronger form of the lyre, used by professional musicians both for solo playing and for the accompaniment of poetry and song.
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a plucked stringed instrument of the ancient Greeks, related to the lyre. It had a flat wooden body with two arms, joined at the top by a crossbar, and four strings. In the first half of the seventh century B.C. the number of strings was increased to seven; later they were gradually increased to 18. Singing citharists accompanied themselves on the cithara, which was also used as a solo instrument.

References in periodicals archive ?
The "dance-loving Kithara" relates to the central figure of her poem, Arion, an ancient Greek poet and the inventor of the dithyramb who, in the poem, takes "his god-like stand, / The cithara in hand" (11.
Its likeness seems particularly clumsy when compared to the cithara wielded by the mortal musician in the procession just below "Apollo.
He initially pursued his studies in Tours, where he played the cithara in Bertrada's presence (perhaps in 1108), before deciding to go to Salerno and then Sicily, following in the footsteps of his mentor, the physician and bishop, John of Tours.
If he requested contentment, a sound mind, a sound body and continued mastery over his lyre (nec cithara carentem, Odes 1.
Inde splendidae mensae et tibis, et scyphis; inde commessationes et ebrietates; inde cithara, et lyra, et tibia; inde redundantia torcularia, et promptuaria plena, eructantia ex hoc in illud, Inde dolia pigmentaria, inde referta marsupia.
Rudat, "Chaucer's Merchant and His Shrewish Wife: The Justinus Crux and Augustinian Theology," Cithara 35 (1995), 25.
City Girl Cithara Utopico Cithere Indian Hemp Nasrullah Sabzy DAM BEYOND PERFECTION Bred by Carl L.
Gyles (1947), Nero probably played the cithara (a stringed instrument resembling a lyre), because he had coins and statues made with him dressed as a cithara player.
It depicts the Greek god Apollo sitting on a throne and holding the cithara with his left arms.
Nam populus de mari Rubro egressus, choream duxisse, et Maria cure timpano legitur praecinuisse, et David ante arcam totis uiribus saltauit et cure cithara psalmos cecinit, et Salomon circa altare cantores instituit, qui uoce, tuba, cimbalis, organis et aliis musicis instrumentis cantica personuisse leguntur.
In the second part, a repertory of church songs, Cithara octocharda, from 1757 was included as the first and one of the largest repertories with lyrics in Latin and in Kaikavian dialect for choir and folk singing.