Eight plants were selected for this study: Cleome arabica, Citrullus colocynthis
, Datura stramonium, Nerium oleander, Peganum harmala and Pistacia atlantica were collected in the area of Laghouat (400 km south of Algiers); Ricinus communis was obtained from Beni Isguen (Ghardaia, 600 km south of Algiers); and Pistacia lentiscus was collected from Berouaguia (Media, 88 km south of Algiers).
, an annual herb, is found in warm regions of Pakistan, India, and Africa (Tallamy et al.
(bitter apple) Poisoning; A case report.
Surveys of the local population and herbalists showed the therapeutic effect of species such as Hammada scoparia, Artemisia herba-alba, Cotula cinerea, Citrullus colocynthis
, Artemisia arborescens and Nicotiana tabacum, advocated against scorpion stings.
Preparation of Aqueous Extract of Citrullus colocynthis
innermis (Lilliaceae) Lycium gharqad Lycium shawii (Solanaceae Bitter apple handal Citrullus colocynthis
(Cucurbitaceae) Spurge tree Labna Euphorbia larica (Tuphorbiaceae) Rubber bush shakr Calotropis procera Camel weed (Asclepicfaceae) Thorn apple/ Mazi Solatium incanum N ight shade (Solanaceae) Ginger Zanjabil Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae) Angels trumpet Tatorah Datura metel (Solanaceae) Namaqua fig Tha'ab Ficus cordata (Moraceae) Red thorn Thbeean Acacia gerardii (Fabaceae) Khejri Ghaf Prosopis cineraria (Fabaceae) Dates Nakhleh Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae) Caralluma Qahr al-luhum Carallumaflava (Asclepidaceae) Name of the Major chemical Uses herb constituents Rose water Citronellal, geraniol, Astringent, cardiac methyl euginol, linalool, and cephalic tonic.
was bought from a local market in Iran, with the fruit ground and decocted in water before being boiled in an oily vehicle (sesame oil) to create the topical formulation.
2012), fruits of Momordica charantia (Ooi et al, 2012), seed extracts of Citrullus colocynthis
(Benariba et al, 2012), antihyperglycemic effect of Coccinia indica (Shibib et al, 2012), antihyperglycemic effect of Trichosanthes dioica (Rai et al, 2013), and antidiabetic effect of Mukia maderaspatana (Srilatha and Ananda, 2013).
The gourd mentioned in both the Qur'an and the Bible as shading the prophet Jonah from the sun may have been the common trailing plant we know as "bitter gourd", Citrullus colocynthis
, familiar in rawdhats and oases all over this country, but more likely it was the fast-growing climber Lagenaria siceraria or "bottle gourd".
The genus Citrullus comprises four species, including watermelon and Citrullus colocynthis
, a perennial known as bitter gourd or apple, which occurs as both a wild and domesticated plant.
lanatus var lanatus seed, one of the cucubit species is largely believed to have originated from western Kalahari region of Namibia and Botswana.
It originally bore the scientific name Colocynthis citrullus, but is now classified as Citrullus colocynthis