According to Mary Chan, the bowed instruments and the flute would play the tune, and the plucked wire-stringed cittern
and bandore would 'emphasise the rhythmic basis of the melody and the lute provides virtuoso variations of the melody in the repeated sections'.
34 Professional and amateur musicians of all levels and artistic proficiency were employed in great numbers at the Lisbon court--for instance Rodrigo the German and Diogo de Madrid--and were responsible for playing the lute, cittern
, tambourine, harp, Indian trumpets and charamelas.
In fact, they utilize viola da gamba, guitars, bajon, tambor, cittern
, pandero, panderetilla, darabuka, castanets, psaltery, organ, and, yes, the harp.
Cytharis ac testudinibus tactus sonorum imponere') with reference to the placing of the frets on a cittern
, as can be seen in illus.
The essays on the 'Symbolic geometry in the Renaissance Lute Rose' (Chapter 5) and the Orpharion (Chapter 6) extend the iconographical observations of Friedemann Hellwig (1974) concerning the symbolic meaning of the lute rose and Emmanuel Winternitz (1967) on the symbolic features of the cittern
from which the orpharion is thought to have arisen.
This takes a number of forms: on sixteen pages extra verses have been written out in metrical form;(13) on seventeen pages the cittern
part has been underlaid with text;(14) on four pages the Cantus part has been written out again so that it can be read by the cittern
player with the page inverted;(15) on four pages the name of the tune has been supplied;(16) in the Table on sig.
Co-produced with his longtime confi-dant Guy Fletcher, it features an A-list of frequent collaborators, such as John McCusker on fiddle and cittern
, Mike McGoldrick on whistle and flute, bassist Glenn Worf and drummer Ian 'Ianto' Thomas.
But in its current form, with the incredible Troy Donockley on uilleann pipes, cittern
, whistles and vocals, and Andy Dinan on the fiddle, he has the musical talent to see it through.
With Ian Wilson on keyboards and cittern
, electric guitarist Pete Smale and drummer Barry Malin, the line-up has since played all the major dance clubs and festivals in the country and shows no sign of slowing down.
The band plays a wide range of instruments from hurdy-gurdy, which is Quentin's province, plus Hammer dulcimer (Amanda's territory), vocals, cittern
, bag-pipes, shawm, kit drums, bass, percussion and didjeridu.
Bruce sings and plays pipes, cittern
, guitar and whistles with the Backroom Band, one of the liveliest ceilidh bands in Wales and wants to focus his camera on the musicians of Wales and their music.
Dynamic percussion and bluesy harmonica blend with the small pipes and whistle and a fine blend of guitar, cittern
, mandolin and fiddle.