civet

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Related to civets: palm civet, BRICS

civet

(sĭv`ət) or

civet cat,

any of a large group of mostly nocturnal mammals of the Old World family Viverridae (civet family), which also includes the mongoosemongoose,
name for a large number of small, carnivorous, terrestrial Old World mammals of the civet family. They are found in S Asia and in Africa, with one species extending into S Spain.
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. Civets are not true cats, but the civet family is related to the cat family (Felidae). Most civets have catlike bodies, long tails, and weasellike faces. Their fur may be gray or brown, and may be marked in various patterns. All civets have scent-producing glands, located in a double pouch near the genitals. The fatty yellow secretion of these glands has a distinctive musky odor used for territorial marking. Commercially, this substance is known as civet and is used as a perfume fixative. Civet can be removed from captive animals every 14 to 20 days. Some civet species are hunted for their fur. The ground-living, or true, civets form a distinctive group within the family; these animals have a highly carnivorous diet. Most have dark spots and ringed tails. They include several Asian species (genus Viverra) and one African species (Civettictis civetta). Best known is the Indian civet, V. zibetha, of S Asia, from which most of the civet for perfume is derived. It has tawny fur with black spots and black bands on the tail. It is about 30 in. (76 cm) long, excluding the 20-in. (42-cm) tail, and about 15 in. (38 cm) high at the shoulder; it weighs up to 25 lb (11 kg). Its musk glands are greatly enlarged. Some of the ground-living civets are called linsangs and genets. The palm civets form another distinct group within the civet family. These are arboreal, largely fruit-eating animals of Africa and Asia; they are classified in several genera. The North American spotted skunk is sometimes popularly called civet but is not closely related to civets. Civets are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Viverridae.

Civet

 

(Viverra), a genus of carnivorous mammals of the family Viverridae. Body length, 60-85 cm; tail length, 31-48 cm. The civets have glands which secrete a substance called civet.

There are three species: the Indian civet (V. zibetha), V. megaspila, and V. tangalunga. Civets are found in Southeast Asia. The Indian civet is encountered in Nepal, South China, and Assam as far as the Malay Peninsula. Civets live in the forests and dense brush, rarely climbing trees. They are nocturnal animals and often live close to settlements. Civets feed on small animals (birds and rodents), insects, and sometimes fruits and nuts. Civets breed once a year and sometimes twice; there are two to five kittens per litter. Civets are hunted for their musk and sometimes are bred in captivity. The name civet has also been applied to the representatives of certain other genera of the Viverridae family such as Vi~ verricula and Civettictis.

I. I. SOKOLO

civet

[′siv·ət]
(physiology)
A fatty substance secreted by the civet gland; used as a fixative in perfumes.
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of 18 species of catlike, nocturnal carnivores assigned to the family Viverridae, having a long head, pointed muzzle, and short limbs with nonretractile claws.

civet

1. any catlike viverrine mammal of the genus Viverra and related genera, of Africa and S Asia, typically having blotched or spotted fur and secreting a powerfully smelling fluid from anal glands
2. the yellowish fatty secretion of such an animal, used as a fixative in the manufacture of perfumes
3. the fur of such an animal
4. short for palm civet
References in periodicals archive ?
After being rescued, the civet was kept under observation and provided necessary medical care.
However, Peta has said the only way to stop the cruelty facing civets is to stop selling Kopi Luwak: "While confining civet for years for an expensive cup of coffee is the most unappetising aspect of the industry, we can't understand why anyone in his or her right mind would want to drink a cup of coffee made from beans that were plucked from faeces.
A conflict between modern ideas of conservation and wildlife protection and an older tradition of rearing civets for their aromatic secretions led to a short, and perhaps rather unexpected, period of public discourse on civet at Tirupati.
The average amount of musk from one civet over a year can produce 10,000 30ml bottles of perfume.
Reasons to Buy this Report -- What are the most attractive emerging food and drinks markets in the CIVETS and what are the key market drivers?
has given Harrods every assurance the coffee we are provided with is organic, and comes from wild palm civets.
The taxonomy of the endemic golden palm civet of Sri Lanka.
To be included in the S&P Civets 60, stocks must have a float-adjusted market capitalization above $500 million.
The origin of the virus is unknown but is thought to be from an animal known as a civet.
The down side is that the only food during your expedition may turn out to be boiled civet, a creature related to the skunk with which it shares a regrettable talent for making bad smells.
On May 11, 2009, an African civet (Civettictis civetta) displaying clinical signs consistent with rabies was killed by rangers in Ikoma Ward within Serengeti National Park (Figure 1).
A special version, the Vietnamese weasel coffee, in whose production process wild civets are involved, is sold for $6,600 a kg.