citizenship

(redirected from civic duty)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

citizenship

see CITIZEN.

Citizenship

 

a person’s affiliation with a given state, as a result of which he is covered by the rights and duties established by the legislation of the state with the assurance of state protection for his rights. In states with a monarchical form of government the term “subject” is used.

The procedure for acquiring or losing citizenship is regulated by the legislation of each state. As a rule, the legislation of all states distinguishes between the acquisition of citizenship by birth (filiation) and by naturalization. In deciding the question of the acquisition of citizenship by birth, two principles are used. The first is the national principle—the so-called blood right (jus sanguinis), according to which a child’s citizenship depends on the parents’ citizenship, regardless of the place of birth. Under the territorial principle—the so-called right of the soil (jus soli), citizenship is based on the place of birth and is not connected to the parents’ citizenship. The legislation of most bourgeois states combines these two principles with the observance of certain mandatory conditions.

In the socialist countries existing laws on citizenship provide for full equality of citizens, regardless of race or nationality, and equal rights for men and women. When citizenship is given by birth, the principle of blood right is applied. If one of the child’s parents is a foreigner, citizenship is usually determined by agreement between the parents.

In the USSR a single union citizenship has been established: every citizen of a union republic is a citizen of the USSR, and citizens of one union republic enjoy equal rights with the citizens of another union republic when they are on its territory. Soviet citizenship is granted to foreigners who petition for it by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by the presidium of the supreme soviet of the union republic in which they reside. Renunciation of Soviet citizenship can be authorized only by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. When parents change their citizenship, either becoming Soviet citizens or renouncing their Soviet citizenship, the citizenship of their children who have not reached 14 years of age is changed accordingly. The citizenship of children 14 to 18 years old cannot be changed without their consent.

The marriage of a male or female citizen of the USSR to a person who is not a Soviet citizen does not entail a change of citizenship. Deprivation of Soviet citizenship can occur only by the issuing in each case of a special decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by sentence of a court in instances provided for under the law.

Persons who are residing in the USSR but who are not citizens of the USSR and do not have corroboration of their citizenship in another state are considered persons without citizenship. They have the same rights and duties as citizens of the USSR, except the right to vote, the right to be elected, and the military obligation.

Questions of changing citizenship in other socialist countries are regulated according to similar principles.

REFERENCES

Shevtsov, V. S. Sovetskoe grazhdanstvo. Moscow, 1965.
Chernichenko, S. V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye voprosy grazhdanstva. Moscow, 1968.

N. P. FARBEROV

References in periodicals archive ?
With jury duty easier than ever, and the consequences for skipping it more severe, there's no longer much reason - or excuse - for shirking one's civic duty.
I'm just delighted that he's here and doing his civic duty.
In addition, the performance of his civic duty qualifies him for this recognition, therefore, America's Registry is pleased to honor him.
While I'm not a citizen in Abu Dhabi, I'm still wedded to this place, and part of what I've been trying to work out during my time here is finding out a way to enact civic duty in a global perspective.
Women are told "to calm down, dear" and the underprivileged are told to do their civic duty and take a share of the economic pain.
There's a fourth reason, too: Turning out to vote, in any election, is a civic duty and a vigorous component of our democracy.
Lord Mayor of Chester, Cllr Eleanor Johnson, carried out her first civic duty by hosting the reception for the management, team sponsors and representatives of the fans and volunteers who own and run their beloved club.
Individuals as well engaged in this civic duty with their families.
Ramadan is a time of community spirit, for reflection and carrying out civic duties, it is surely a civic duty to help make communities safer by helping law enforcement track down criminals.
He said it was the civic duty of members of the community to give information to the police.
Evidently, when young people feel a lack of civic duty they will resist voting during elections.
Beating knife crime needs everyone to work together - politicians, police, communities, families, schools and the famous names who have a voice and are under a civic duty to use it.