civil engineering


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civil engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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Civil engineering

A branch of engineering that encompasses the conception, design, construction, and management of residential and commercial buildings and structures, water supply facilities, and transportation systems for goods and people, as well as control of the environment for the maintenance and improvement of the quality of life. Civil engineers include planning and design professionals in both the public and private sectors, contractors, builders, educators, and researchers.

civil engineering

[′siv·əl en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(engineering)
The planning, design, construction, and maintenance of fixed structures and ground facilities for industry, transportation, use and control of water, or occupancy.

Civil engineering

A branch of engineering that encompasses the conception, design, construction, and management of residential and commercial buildings and structures, water supply facilities, and transportation systems for goods and people, as well as control of the environment for the maintenance and improvement of the quality of life. Civil engineering includes planning and design professionals in both the public and private sectors, contractors, builders, educators, and researchers.

The civil engineer holds the safety, health, and welfare of the public paramount. Civil engineering projects and systems should conform to governmental regulations and statutes; should be built economically to function properly with a minimum of maintenance and repair while withstanding anticipated usage and weather; and should conserve energy and allow hazard-free construction while providing healthful, safe, and environmentally sound utilization by society.

Civil engineers play a major role in developing workable solutions to construct, renovate, repair, maintain, and upgrade infrastructure. The infrastructure includes roads, mass transit, railroads, bridges, airports, storage buildings, terminals, communication and control towers, water supply and treatment systems, storm water control systems, wastewater collection, treatment and disposal systems, as well as living and working areas, recreational buildings, and ancillary structures for civil and civic needs. Without a well-maintained and functioning infrastructure, the urban area cannot stay healthy, grow, and prosper.

Because the desired objectives are so broad and encompass an orderly progression of interrelated components and information to arrive at the visually pleasing, environmentally satisfactory, and energy-frugal end point, civil engineering projects are actually systems requiring the skills and inputs of many diverse technical specialties, all of which are subsets of the overall civil engineering profession.

Some of the subsets that civil engineers can specialize in include photogrammetry, surveying, mapping, community and urban planning, and waste management and risk assessment. Various engineering areas that civil engineers can specialize in include geotechnical, construction, structural, environmental, water resources, and transportation engineering. See Civil engineering, Coastal engineering, Construction engineering, Engineering, Environmental engineering, Highway engineering, River engineering, Surveying, Transportation engineering

References in periodicals archive ?
To help celebrate 175 years of civil engineering at Rensselaer, President Jackson at 10 a.
Plimsoll Publishing's latest MINING, CONSTRUCTION & CIVIL ENGINEERING MACHINERY WHOLESALERS (Global) analysis is ideal for anyone wanting to: -- See the market leaders -- Identify companies heading for failure -- Seek out the most attractive acquisition -- Analyse industry trends -- Benchmark their own financial performance Using Plimsoll's exclusive methodology, a quick glance of this MINING, CONSTRUCTION & CIVIL ENGINEERING MACHINERY WHOLESALERS (Global) report will tell you that 26 companies have a declining Plimsoll financial rating, while 60 have shown good sales growth.
The Merced campus of the University of California requests that a qualified civil engineering and surveying firm with experience in field topographic land surveying and subsurface utility engineering submit written statements of qualifications for Professional Civil Engineering & Land Surveying Services.
Over 10 percent of all Carlson employees are licensed civil engineers, and we have linked this expertise with our elite programming staff and formed this division based on the demands of the marketplace for better civil engineering software," says Bruce Carlson, PE, PLS, founder and president of Carlson Software.
This is the first time that local businesses, education providers and regional agencies have joined together with the Institution to improve recruitment into civil engineering.
We must keep scrap tires out of all landfills and continue to promote their beneficial uses, such as for asphalt-rubber production and in various civil engineering projects.
ICE North East has been working with the university since it re-introduced degrees in the civil engineering sector recently and the accreditation will be backdated to include students enrolling in 2003.
This Is Civil Engineering is a campaign devised by ICE to encourage public awareness of the work involved in designing and supporting important infrastructure which may otherwise go unnoticed.
Contractor address : KTC Civil Engineering & Construction Pte Ltd
Kishor Mehta -- a civil engineering professor at Texas Tech and head of the Wind Engineering Research Center there.
Established in 1960, the award recognizes the project that demonstrates the greatest engineering skills, and represents the greatest contribution to civil engineering progress and to society.

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