civil rights movement


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civil rights movement(s)

any political organization seeking to gain CIVIL RIGHTS for a particular group in a society. The best-known civil rights movement came into existence in the US with the aim of enforcing those civil rights guaranteed to blacks by the constitution but traditionally denied to them. It was influential in the passing of the Civil Rights Act 1964, which contained strong antidiscrimination legislation. Since the mid-1960s the movement has concentrated its efforts on ensuring that the legislation has been enforced. Several other organizations have consciously modelled themselves on the American Civil Rights Movement. Most notably, the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association was founded in 1968 to force the issue of civil rights for Roman Catholics into the political arena. See also CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE.
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