clamp

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clamp

1. a mechanical device with movable jaws with which an object can be secured to a bench or with which two objects may be secured together
2. Nautical a horizontal beam fastened to the ribs for supporting the deck beams in a wooden vessel

Clamp

 

the simplest type of storage facility for agricultural products. It consists of a banked-up heap of potatoes, root crops, or cabbage, placed on the surface of the ground or in a shallow trench (0.2-0.5 m deep) and covered with layers of straw (sawdust, peat, and so forth) and earth. Clamps are placed on elevated sites with slanting sides, protected from the predominant winter winds and with deep-lying subsoil waters. The dimensions of a clamp and the thickness of its cover depend on what is to be stored and the climatic conditions of the area. In the central zone of the European part of the USSR clamps are usually 2-2.2 m wide and 1.0-1.2 m high and are covered by a layer of straw that is 0.5 m thick at the base and 0.35 m thick at the crown. The layer of earth is 0.6 m thick at the base and 0.5 m at the crown. The total thickness of the cover must be equal to or a little greater than the average depth at which the soil freezes in the area. Clamp coverers, excavators, and other machines are used to mechanize the covering operation. The temperature inside the clamp is regulated by means of ventilation or by changing the thickness of the cover.

REFERENCE

Shirokov, E., and Yu. Volosov. Khranilishcha dlia kartofeliia i ovoshchei. Moscow, 1963.

E. P. SHIROKOV

clamp

[klamp]
(design engineering)
A tool for binding or pressing two or more parts together, by holding them firmly in their relative positions.
(electronics)

clamp

clamp
A wood and/or metal device designed to hold components firmly, esp. during gluing, machining, soldering, welding, etc.
References in classic literature ?
This old gentleman, on carefully examining the maimed chair, discovered that its broken leg might be clamped with iron and made as serviceable as ever.
escapes from your lips, or the lips of your companions, I have, in my government of Scotland and Ireland, seven hundred and forty-one wooden gibbets, of strong oak, clamped with iron, and freshly greased every week.
Her bowsprit cocked up like an old-fashioned frigate's; her jib-boom had been fished and spliced and nailed and clamped beyond further repair; and as she hove herself forward, and sat down on her broad tail, she looked for all the world like a blowzy, frousy, bad old woman sneering at a decent girl.
The discovery that this was a dummy, and that the bed was clamped to the floor, instantly gave rise to the suspicion that the rope was there as a bridge for something passing through the hole and coming to the bed.
For having made a great cage of wood of solid beams, timbers and wall-plates, measuring nine feet in length by eight in breadth, and of the height of seven feet between the partitions, smoothed and clamped with great bolts of iron, which has been placed in a chamber situated in one of the towers of the Bastille Saint-Antoine, in which cage is placed and detained, by command of the king our lord, a prisoner who formerly inhabited an old, decrepit, and ruined cage.