clarinet

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clarinet,

musical wind instrument of cylindrical bore employing a single reed. The clarinet family comprises all single-reed instruments, including the saxophone. The predecessor of the modern clarinet was the simpler chalumeau, which J. C. Denner of Nuremberg improved (c.1700) into the clarinet. It was accepted into the orchestra during the 18th cent., and Mozart used it extensively. Major improvements of the key system during the 19th cent. employed the principles of Theobald Boehm. The clarinets in B flat and A are the standard orchestral instruments. The higher, shriller E flat clarinet is also a band instrument and is used occasionally in the orchestra. Of the larger clarinets, the B flat bass clarinet is the most important. The E flat alto and the E flat contrabass clarinets are mainly band instruments. Clarinets were once made in other keys, but all of these instruments are now obsolete. The basset-horn, a type of alto clarinet, was much used by Mozart and was revived by Richard Strauss. The clarinet is a transposing instrumenttransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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.

Bibliography

See F. G. Rendall, The Clarinet (3d rev. ed. 1971).

Clarinet

 

a musical instrument of the woodwind family, developed from the reed pipe. The instrument is a tube with a small bell at one end and a beak-shaped mouthpiece at the other, to which a single reed (made from a thin strip of cane) is fixed. The length of the canal is 590–680 mm. The modern clarinet has approximately 20 keys and seven holes equipped with rings. It is made of granadilla or ebony wood or of plastic.

Clarinets are made in different pitches; the most common are the B-flat and A clarinets. It is a transposing instrument (the B-flat clarinet sounds a major second lower than written, while the A clarinet sounds a minor third lower). Its range (in notation) is from E to C’’’’. The clarinet family includes the piccolo clarinet; the alto, or tenor, clarinet (known as the basset horn); the bass clarinet; and the contrabass clarinet.

REFERENCE

Blagodatov, G. Klarnet. Moscow, 1965.

clarinet

Music
a keyed woodwind instrument with a cylindrical bore and a single reed. It is a transposing instrument, most commonly pitched in A or B flat
References in periodicals archive ?
HIGHLY REGARDED - the Gould Piano trio with clarinettist robert pictured, second left.
In Rotterdam at a world meeting of bass clarinettists he was presented as the father founder of the branch; the organisers saw his concert in the mid-1950 (in 1955 Horak had given the first ever bass clarinet recital in history) as the beginning of the instrument's subsequent rise as a serious concert instrument.
Then came the main work of the evening - Brahms's glorious Clarinet Sonata in F minor Op 120 No 1, which was also written for a friend, Richard Mhlfeld, a leading clarinettist of his day.
The band will also be having a special concert at the Victoria Hall, Higher Bebington on November 12 with guest star, clarinettist John Barnes.
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Born in South Shields, he was invited by Sir Thomas Beecham to become principal clarinettist in the newly-formed Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in 1947, a post he occupied until 1963.
As a chamber musician, he has a long standing relationship with Wigmore Hall and as one of the leading clarinettists of his generation, he has formed close alliances with many leading conductors.
Coventry Telegraph music columnist Pete Chambers said: "It may sound a cheap remark to suggest that Steve was the area's finest clarinettist, as the fact is he was pretty much the only clarinettist.
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The long-serving principal clarinettist, who joined the orchestra in 1969, has selected a couple of jazz-inspired ones -Bernstein's Prelude, Fugue and Riffs and a real rarity in Morton Gould's Derivations for Solo Clarinet and Dance Band.
But Mozart's pretty clarinet concerto with clarinettist Anthony Pike livened things up before the climax, Schubert's riveting String Quintet in C.