The Slot was the metaphor that expressed the class cleavage
of Society, and no man crossed this metaphor, back and forth, more successfully than Freddie Drummond.
They relate it to the left turn of the early 2000s when leftist parties came to power campaigning on typical class cleavage
platforms like income redistribution and social justice.
This will pose a problem if the included classes comprise owners of both abundant and scarce factors: we would then expect that the party would always be divided internally over trade--by a class cleavage
when levels of mobility are high, and by industry cleavages when mobility is low.
Consequently, following the logic of the European literature, we could expect partisan competition to be most stable in those Latin American countries where it is most thoroughly structured by an underlying, organized class cleavage
Opinions on whether more should be done to promote the interests of the French-speaking province of Quebec reflect the regional/linguistic cleavage, attitudes towards immigration reflect the ethnic cleavage, attitudes toward unions reflect the class cleavage
, and attitudes toward military spending reflect the gender cleavage.
She maintains that by the late 1780s distrust and class cleavage
became prevalent in Strasbourg Masonry and that the republican programs during the first years of the French Revolution deepened class wounds among Strasbourg Masons.
The class cleavage
eclipsed an urban-rural divide in the 1920s, giving rise on the one hand to a conservative party aligned with capital, and on the other, a labor party aligned with the trade unions.
Income and class cleavages
, in contrast to identity cleavages based on race, ethnicity, or religion, have traditionally strengthened the political left.
The authors acknowledge new religious and class cleavages
in both societies when they note the growing importance of consuming only food that is halal and how their respondents take pride in being different from their fellow urbanite yuppies.
After first presenting a brief overview of the origins of Malaysia's cleavage structure, this essay discusses the ways in which socioeconomic change has shaped the ethnic and class cleavages
that drive Malaysian politics, and in response, how Malaysia's political order has rearticulated these cleavages in ways that protect the existing political order.
illustrated that as a result of the specific historical developments class cleavages
have not develop in some of Central and Eastern European societies.
The politics of ethnic identity became a potent mobilizing framework in countries without a strong legacy of class cleavages
and left-wing parties because indigenous groups could escape political tutelage from the left (117).