classic epidemic typhus

classic epidemic typhus

[′klas·ik ‚ep·ə′dem·ik ′tī‚fəs]
(medicine)
An epidemic disease caused by Rickettsia prowazeki var. prowazekii, and characterized by violent headache, a rash, neurological symptoms, and high fever. Also known as epidemic typhus.
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In contrast to classic epidemic typhus, which typically causes severe disease and mortality rates up to 4% despite antimicrobial drug therapy, fatal cases of typhus associated with flying squirrels have not been reported (15).

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