classic revival


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

classic revival,

widely diffused phase of taste (known as neoclassic) which influenced architecture and the arts in Europe and the United States during the last years of the 18th and the first half of the 19th cent. The era was characterized by enthusiasm for classical antiquity and for archaeological knowledge, stimulated by the excavations of Roman remains at Pompeii and Herculaneum and by the commencement of archaeological investigation in Greece by James Stuart and Nicholas Revett in 1751. The results were embodied in their joint work, Antiquities of Athens, of which the first volume (1762) is considered to have been responsible for a changed direction in taste. Stuart's garden temple in Greek Doric style (1758) at Hagley, England, was the first example of Greek revival design in Western Europe; but the utilization of Greek material was generally delayed until the latter part of the revival, while the earlier phase confined itself to Roman models. In France the imitation of ancient Rome predominated in the crystallizing of the Empire style sponsored by Napoleon. In the United States, after the Revolution, this same spirit served in the formation of a style for public buildings. Thomas Jefferson's design for the Virginia state capitol (1785) at Richmond marks the return to the monumental Roman temple for inspiration. In America the Greek phase, known as neo-Grec or Greek revival, achieved its first expression, and an exceedingly influential one, in the Bank of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (1799); it was designed by Benjamin H. Latrobe to imitate a Greek Ionic temple. The Roman and the Greek aspects of the classic revival eventually allied themselves in a Greco-Roman form. The influence of the revival was felt everywhere in Europe and particularly in Great Britain. But in no country did it dominate as in the United States, where classic colonnades were appended to state capitols and to modest farm houses throughout the land. After the Civil War its severe later phase was extinguished by the romantic styles of the Victorian period. Among the important buildings of the American classic revival are the Washington monument, Baltimore (1815), by Robert Mills; Bank of the United States, Philadelphia (1819–24), by William Strickland; campus buildings, Univ. of Virginia (1817–26), by Thomas Jefferson; Merchants' Exchange, Philadelphia (1832–34), by William Strickland; main building, Girard College, Philadelphia (1833–47), by T. U. Walter; and dome and wings of the Capitol at Washington (1851–65), by T. U. Walter.

Bibliography

See T. Hamlin, Greek Revival Architecture in America (1944); D. Wiebenson, Sources of Greek Revival Architecture (1969).

Classic Revival

A term often used as a synonym for the Classical Revival style.
References in periodicals archive ?
But, no, they're all authentic, built in San Diego between 1887 and 1896, and they represent a cross section of Victorian architectural style, from Italianate to Stick Eastlake to Classic Revival.
The University of Notre Dame and Ball State University bring classes to study the historic architecture, which includes examples of Gothic Revival, Classic Revival, Federal and Italianate styles.
But it's as the serial hitmaker from the 1980s that he is best remembered, with his string of classic revival rockers including Green Door and This Old House meaning he was seemingly never off Top of the Pops.
Fort Street, the Federal Reserve building was constructed in 1927 as a Classic Revival Style complex.
The classic revival 50s style portable Roberts radio, pounds 99.
the 250,000-SF classic revival style office tower located at the southeast corner of 41st Street in the heart of Manhattan's Grand Central district.
Gay Street, the renovated high-rise hotel with 40-foot, brass-plated ceilings and marble floors and columns, maintains the architectural integrity and classic revival style of the original structure, built as Buckeye Savings & Loan in 1925.
One of Lower Manhattan's best examples of Classic Revival architectural styling, the historic 75-year-old tower, once known as The Munson Building, is located at the intersection of Wall, Beaver and Pearl Streets.
A classic Revival style church built in 1838, featuring Gothic doors and a north gallery, designed for slaves who sat segregated from other members prior to the Civil War.

Full browser ?