classic revival


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classic revival,

widely diffused phase of taste (known as neoclassic) which influenced architecture and the arts in Europe and the United States during the last years of the 18th and the first half of the 19th cent. The era was characterized by enthusiasm for classical antiquity and for archaeological knowledge, stimulated by the excavations of Roman remains at Pompeii and Herculaneum and by the commencement of archaeological investigation in Greece by James Stuart and Nicholas Revett in 1751. The results were embodied in their joint work, Antiquities of Athens, of which the first volume (1762) is considered to have been responsible for a changed direction in taste. Stuart's garden temple in Greek Doric style (1758) at Hagley, England, was the first example of Greek revival design in Western Europe; but the utilization of Greek material was generally delayed until the latter part of the revival, while the earlier phase confined itself to Roman models. In France the imitation of ancient Rome predominated in the crystallizing of the Empire style sponsored by Napoleon. In the United States, after the Revolution, this same spirit served in the formation of a style for public buildings. Thomas Jefferson's design for the Virginia state capitol (1785) at Richmond marks the return to the monumental Roman temple for inspiration. In America the Greek phase, known as neo-Grec or Greek revival, achieved its first expression, and an exceedingly influential one, in the Bank of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (1799); it was designed by Benjamin H. Latrobe to imitate a Greek Ionic temple. The Roman and the Greek aspects of the classic revival eventually allied themselves in a Greco-Roman form. The influence of the revival was felt everywhere in Europe and particularly in Great Britain. But in no country did it dominate as in the United States, where classic colonnades were appended to state capitols and to modest farm houses throughout the land. After the Civil War its severe later phase was extinguished by the romantic styles of the Victorian period. Among the important buildings of the American classic revival are the Washington monument, Baltimore (1815), by Robert Mills; Bank of the United States, Philadelphia (1819–24), by William Strickland; campus buildings, Univ. of Virginia (1817–26), by Thomas Jefferson; Merchants' Exchange, Philadelphia (1832–34), by William Strickland; main building, Girard College, Philadelphia (1833–47), by T. U. Walter; and dome and wings of the Capitol at Washington (1851–65), by T. U. Walter.

Bibliography

See T. Hamlin, Greek Revival Architecture in America (1944); D. Wiebenson, Sources of Greek Revival Architecture (1969).

Classic Revival

A term often used as a synonym for the Classical Revival style.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Classic Revival was characterized by the adaptation of architectural models of Greece and Rome.
So far he's programmed a canny mix of new plays, local and regional initiatives, classic revivals with heavyweight legit names attached, and major tuner productions for the holidays season.
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In 1987 it began the Classic Revivals and Black Tradition in American Modern Dance project to pay homage to and preserve the works of black choreographers, beginning with Donald McKayle, who set his Games on the African American Dance Ensemble.
The package also includes award-winning Adobe Originals typefaces -- one-of-a-kind designs and classic revivals created by expert type designers at Adobe.
Two classic revivals and a new musical under one roof all directed by Jonathan Kent make up the boldest gamble of London's theatrical year.
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The Court has filled its anniversary year with a highly varied menu of new productions and classic revivals.
There are plans for showing classic revivals, foreign films, children's Saturday morning cinema club, regular film quizzes, celebrity talks and workshops.
Pic will begin with the turn-of-the-century immigrant experience and culminate with a survey of today's eclectic Broadway scene--a mix of avant-garde theater and classic revivals.

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