cleft

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cleft

1. a fissure or crevice
2. (of leaves) having one or more incisions reaching nearly to the midrib
References in periodicals archive ?
This is where cleft sentences come in handy, as their double-clause structure offers not only a split-focus domain with an existential presupposition but, in the case of the inverted pseudocleft, a formal clue to contrastive focus.
As we show in sections 2 and 3, the literature on the "exhaustiveness effects", or the "exhaustiveness inference", of cleft sentences mainly addresses the issue of what type of inference it is: is it a semantic inference--an entailment?
We think this conclusion reopens a few issues about the semantics and the pragmatics of cleft sentences, in particular one, namely: how much of "exhaustiveness" should be codified as a "conventional feature" of cleft sentences (as an entailment, or as a presupposition, or, yet, as a generalized implicature, for example), and how much should be derived by contextual calculation?
His argument against the transposition theory is based on the following properties of cleft sentences found across languages:
By false analogy, p- as part of pet- in cleft sentences also began to be interpreted sometimes as the copula pe.
Constituent-focus cleft sentences may be understood in the same way.
This paper discusses similarities and differences between English and Swedish cleft sentences.
This is a property copular cleft-like sentences share with real cleft sentences.