It is quite likely that their clitic
placement has been influenced by pragmatic and phonological factors (cf.
Both the low achievers and high achievers showed evidence of preterite tense, person/number/gender agreement morphology, infinitival constructions, gerundive constructions, imperatives, articles and possessive determiners, auxiliaries, accusative and dative clitic
pronouns, reflexive pronouns, the subjunctive mood, and correct use of irregular verbs.
These relate essentially to the manner of presenting the texts on the question first of the clitic
stop: although it is applied in exemplary fashion for most of the time, it has also been used to construct syntactic units like `mes si', `she has placed herself', where one would expect simply mes si, with disjunctive use of the pronoun.
In Classical Arabic the particle iyya + pronominal object, which later itself became a verbal clitic
(see (39), below), can mark an independent pronoun object, as in Q 1:4 (Sibawayhi 1970, 1: 336, 346), though unlike inna and oot-, iyya cannot mark a topic or subject.
Note that Dryer does not differentiate between free and clitic
2) In Spanish, a reflexive clitic
pronoun se marks the suppression of an arbitrary human subject.
Abbreviations 1, 2, 3 first, second, third person ABE abessive ADE adessive ADJ adjective ALL allative CLC clitic
COM comitative COND conditional dINF da-infinitive EL elative ESS essive FEM female GEN genetive GER gerund ILL illative IMP imperative IMPS impersonal INE inessive JUSS jussive mINF ma-infinitive NEG negation marker PL plural POSTP postposition PRCL particle PRS present PRTV partitive PST simple past PRTCP presnt participle PTCP past participle Q question marker QUOT quotative SG singular TRM terminative TRNSL translative
Both words were either transitive or intransitive, and both contained a clitic
(la, lo) for direct objects or a reflexive se, if necessary (Bicaci 1995).
, Suffix and Particle: Some Indispensable Distinctions in Old Javanese Grammar.
2], the subordinated participant can also be a clitic
(3) or zero (4):
12) content item > grammatical word > clitic
> inflectional affix
Secondo Maiden (170), il quale riprende Rohlfs, si tratta di una forma di probabile origine gallo-romanza anziche italo-romanza: "Its exotic origins are reflected in its still imperfect integration into the clitic
system: unlike other clitics
it is bisyllabic.