close formation

close formation

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A flight formation in which the airplanes fly at a minimum distance from one another. The normal distance in close formation is one wingspan laterally and one length when formatting in the astern position. In the case of helicopters, the usual separation is one rotor width, but this distance can be closer.
References in periodicals archive ?
The project will also use the latest sensor technology to allow three, low-carbon electric sports vehicles to drive in close formation between Stockport station and Manchester Airport.
I think that I have more chance of seeing a pig flying in close formation to the Red Arrows.
By putting the lorries in close formation, the leading wagon will drive air out of the way, making the tail-end trucks more efficient and lowering their emissions, it is believed.
The aerial daredevils will perform their world-famous feats of close formation when they put on a display as part of the latest in the series of Barry Weekenders at Barry Island.
When defending at the Emirates and the Etihad, Boro formed into a 4-5-1 with two banks of players lining up in close formation on the edge of the penalty area.
Goods vehicle manufacturer Scania and telecoms company Ericsson have recently entered into a partnership to evaluate the use of 5G for vehicle platooning, which involves heavy goods vehicles being operated in close formation to reduce drag, improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions.
Mikal flew as the aircraft commander of the KC-135 during the first aerial refueling maneuvers of a KC-46 behind a KC-135 and in close formation with both the KC-10 and KC-46 on Oct.
Scania has pioneered platooning concepts with truck and trailer combinations driving in close formation, thereby reducing air drag and fuel consumption.
The team was also crowned as the 'Best Looking Close Formation Helicopter Team' at the Berlin Air Show in 2008.
The team was also crowned the 'Best Looking Close Formation Helicopter Team' at the Berlin Air Show in 2008.
As it is quite laborious to model all the dynamics of rotorcraft flying in close formation, adaptive and robust control techniques, like LQR PI, may be explored to their full potential.
Twinkling stars above, perhaps a full moon in close formation, and well-lit ground features can be wondrous.