closed sea

closed sea

[¦klōzd ′sē]
(oceanography)
That part of the ocean enclosed by headlands, within narrow straits, or within other landforms.
That part of the ocean within the territorial jurisdiction of a country.
References in periodicals archive ?
The problem is that this can only refer to the immediate effect, and not the total effect over many years in a closed sea such as the Arabian Gulf, where the IIAR reports that the GCC states alone have desalination plants with a total seawater desalination capacity of approximately 45 per cent of the worldwide daily production, and this does not include the desalination going on in Iran.
He added that the troops would be deployed "to ensure control of the closed sea zones of the Kuril Islands and the Bering Strait, cover the routes of Pacific Fleet forces' deployment in the Far Eastern and Northern sea zones, and increase the combat viability of naval strategic nuclear forces.
Authorities relocated coastal residents, evacuated tourists from beach hotels and closed sea ports, airports and schools in several states before the category five hurricane made landfall in the western state of Jalisco.
The impact of Italy's push-back politics is the focus of Andrea Segre and Stefano Liberti's documentary Closed Sea (2012) and the human rights campaign "No More Push-Backs" that was created to petition the cancellation of the Italian-Libyan agreement on immigration while also promoting the newly released film throughout Italy.
The Mediterranean region features a nearly closed sea surrounded by urbanized littorals and mountains that acts as a transition zone between humid climates to the north and arid climates to the south.
Angered by Turkmenistan's plans to sell its gas to Europe, Russia and Iran have voiced concerns that a gas pipeline to be laid in the shallow Caspian could harm the fragile ecology of the closed sea.
Now, Ankara and Ashgabat are closely co-ordinating efforts with the EU and US for the proposed Trans-Caspian Pipeline to be build across the closed sea for the supply of Turkmen natural gas to Turkey and the EU.
China will transmute the waters bounded by the first island chain into a closed sea ruled by Chinese domestic law.
John Selden, who donated the map to Oxford in his will, was a lawyer whose work The Closed Sea, written in part to refute Hugo de Groot's defense of open seas, articulated the English position in the then emerging and critically important debate over the law of the sea.
Over time though, Selden's closed sea arguments lost
Unlike the Gulf of Mexico, the Middle Eastern Gulf, a major global supplier of oil, has very shallow waters and is almost a closed sea with its bottleneck link to the Indian Ocean.
As rich in history as it is in minerals, this salty closed sea at 420 m below sea level is the best place in the world to reinvigorate your skin and counter the effects of ageing and the stress of everyday life.