closed surface


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closed surface

[¦klōzd ′sər·fəs]
(mathematics)
A surface that has no bounding curve.
References in periodicals archive ?
With a balanced car set-up and slightly higher air pressure, the Hankook race tyres slick will soon reach the optimal temperature window on the closed surface structure at the Russian circuit.
The exterior noise power (ENP) around the vehicle is defined as the acoustic power radiated to the far-field and then can be calculated as an integration of the far-field acoustic intensity over a closed surface which encloses the vehicle at large distance from vehicle.
The Fola Mining complex is a closed surface mining operation with two idled processing facilities.
The algorithm, which is known as DAEDALUS (DNA Origami Sequence Design Algorithm for User-defined Structures) after the Greek craftsman and artist who designed labyrinths that resemble origami's complex scaffold structures, can build any type of 3-D shape, provided it has a closed surface.
The 3D technology then deep draws the veneer, producing a closed surface with a high degree of stability in the formed mats.
Also, a taxiway will not be identified as X-Ray to avoid confusion with a closed surface.
In order to specify the boundary conditions, let the closed surface [S.
Note that the torus is a closed surface that can carry graph of toroidal polyhex such that all its vertices have degree 3 and all faces of the embedding are hexagons, see Figure 1 and also [20].
Air knife is used for fabrics that need to combine closed surface with minimum coating weight.
One can use the device to measure the volume of a closed surface of any shape, or density of arbitrary shapes with the same accuracy and speed.
An alternative limestone, Jura, has been sourced and this is much finer grained with a closed surface which will not attract the same degree of growth and can be surface treated to ensure that it remains pristine and can be protected against graffiti.