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(vertebrate zoology)
The herrings, a family of fishes in the suborder Clupoidea composing the most primitive group of higher bony fishes.



(herring), a family of bony fishes of the order Clupeiformes. The body length is usually 35–45 cm, although a few species do reach a length of 75 cm.

There are about 50 genera, distributed from temperate latitudes to the tropics. The majority live in the sea; there are a few migratory and freshwater forms. Reproduction occurs not far from shore; the roe are pelagic or, in some genera (for example, Clupea), benthic. The fishes feed on plankton or, sometimes, on small fishes. They live in schools, and many migrate long distances. Of the greatest economic value are sardines, Clupeonella, sprats, marine species of the genus Clupea, and migratory and marine species of the genus Alosa. Clupea are found in the boreal region of the Atlantic Ocean; in the North, Norwegian, Barents, and White seas; along the shores of Siberia; and in the Pacific Ocean as far south as southern Primor’e and California. The Alosa are present in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and the basin of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Herring are of very great importance in commercial fishing. The world catch reaches 5 million tons a year. The fishes are used in salted, smoked, and canned form.


Svetovidov, A. N. Sel’devye. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. (Fauna SSR: Ryby, vol. 2, issue 1.)
Promyslovye ryby SSSR: Opisaniia ryb (text to atlas). Moscow, 1949.
Zhizn’ zhivotnik, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
It is possible that the clupeid Atlantic thread herring was present, but our fish remains were identified only to family.
Research has shown that clupeid and cyprinid fish baits are more effective than formulated baits in cooler waters (Huner et al.
The collection of existing information and field investigations of anadromous clupeid spawning in New Jersey.
southeastern coast, several anadromous, alosine clupeids, namely, the blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis; the hickory shad, A.
Primary prey items included Pacific hake, Pacific salmon, skate, Pacific lamprey, rockfish and clupeid species.
DEPM has so far been applied mainly to some clupeid fish populations and is expected to be applied to other fish species including demersal fish (Stratoudakis et al.
ST] values between genetically distinct stocks of clupeid fishes based on microsatellites range from 0.
Low clupeid abundance on Kona reefs in 2003 presumably explains the absence of this family in the diet of C.
Increased ammonium concentrations in a tidal freshwater stream during residence of migratory clupeid fishes.
Primer pairs were designed around microsatellite regions initially isolated from another clupeid, American shad (Alosa sapidissima Wilson, 1811); these primers have subsequently been evaluated for examinations of the genus Brevoortia (Anderson and McDonald, 2007).
Clupeid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei): an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies, and wolf-herrings.