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(vertebrate zoology)
The herrings, a family of fishes in the suborder Clupoidea composing the most primitive group of higher bony fishes.



(herring), a family of bony fishes of the order Clupeiformes. The body length is usually 35–45 cm, although a few species do reach a length of 75 cm.

There are about 50 genera, distributed from temperate latitudes to the tropics. The majority live in the sea; there are a few migratory and freshwater forms. Reproduction occurs not far from shore; the roe are pelagic or, in some genera (for example, Clupea), benthic. The fishes feed on plankton or, sometimes, on small fishes. They live in schools, and many migrate long distances. Of the greatest economic value are sardines, Clupeonella, sprats, marine species of the genus Clupea, and migratory and marine species of the genus Alosa. Clupea are found in the boreal region of the Atlantic Ocean; in the North, Norwegian, Barents, and White seas; along the shores of Siberia; and in the Pacific Ocean as far south as southern Primor’e and California. The Alosa are present in the Atlantic Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and the basin of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Herring are of very great importance in commercial fishing. The world catch reaches 5 million tons a year. The fishes are used in salted, smoked, and canned form.


Svetovidov, A. N. Sel’devye. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. (Fauna SSR: Ryby, vol. 2, issue 1.)
Promyslovye ryby SSSR: Opisaniia ryb (text to atlas). Moscow, 1949.
Zhizn’ zhivotnik, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
Because of the often-limited supply and expense of clupeid fish baits, a fish + formulated bait combination can extend the supply of fish while maintaining a high bait margin.
aurita in this study were within the range registered for this species and for other clupeids in different latitudes.
southeastern coast, several anadromous, alosine clupeids, namely, the blueback herring, Alosa aestivalis; the hickory shad, A.
In the last five years, the Patagonian sprat has become the main clupeid species of the pelagic fisheries caught in the inland sea of Chiloe Island.
Joining the gathered results and further observations it would be possible to answer questions like: if a large school of Clupeid fishes is found in Canal do Superagui in winter, would Guiana dolphins aggregate in larger numbers for feeding bouts?
However, the 1989-90 value of these two clupeid species was only $0.
A 1:1 ratio of incremental count versus age was observed--a relationship that is consistent with results from other clupeid species for which daily otolith rings have been validated (Geffen, 1982; Campana et al.
93) for 37 fish species including the clupeid fish Sardinella aurita, in the Aegean Sea, Greece (Moutopoulos and Stergiou, 2002).
The clupeid fishery involving mainly Odaxothrissa mento and Sierathrissa spp.
Among the eight species that occurred only in 1991, seven are truly marine fishes: three carangids (Gunn, 1990) and one each, clupeid, scombrid, synodontid, and pegasid (Pietsch, 1978).
Merriner (1975) examined the diet of weakfish captured in North Carolina waters and found that penaeid and mysid shrimps, anchovies, and clupeid fishes were the most common food items.