codeine


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codeine

(kō`dēn), alkaloid found in opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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. It is a narcoticnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
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 whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abusedrug addiction and drug abuse,
chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying
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.

Codeine

 

an alkaloid contained in opium. Codeine is similar to morphine in chemical structure; however, its analgesic effect is less powerful. It relieves irritability of the coughing center. Codeine or codeine phosphate is prescribed for coughs. It is administered in the form of tablets or powders, mixed with sugar, sodium hydrocarbonate, terpin hydrate, thermopsis, and licorice powder. Codeine, in combination with soporifics and bromide preparations, is used as a sedative. Codeine is not prescribed for children. Prolonged use of codeine may cause addiction.

codeine

[′kō‚dēn]
(pharmacology)
C18H21NO3 An alkaloid prepared from morphine; used as mild analgesic and cough suppressant.

codeine

a white crystalline alkaloid prepared mainly from morphine and having a similar but milder action. It is used as an analgesic, an antidiarrhoeal, and to relieve coughing. Formula: C18H21NO3
References in periodicals archive ?
About 27 million over-the-counter pills containing codeine are sold every year and it's used as strong pain relief medication for headaches, toothache and backache.
Tuzistra XR's extended-release liquid delivery system allows for less frequent dosing than traditional codeine cough syrups.
They then were randomized to receive either intravenous metoclopromide and diphenhydramine (MAD) (10 mg and 25 mg, respectively) or 30 mg oral codeine.
You can feel nauseous when you start taking codeine but it usually goes after a few days.
She was accused of numerous incidents of allegedly misappropriating codeine phosphate tablets and consuming some of them while still on duty.
In August 2010 police were called to the ward and found strips of codeine marked up for the unit in Boynton's bag.
Maybe there was codeine in the medicine cabinet, but the scope of the search warrant was such that we didn't go through medicine cabinets or open cookie jars.
James Ochi, a San Diego pediatric ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgeon conducted a study using acupuncture instead of codeine for pain relief for his tonsillectomy patients.
Addicts can take between 20 and 30 pills daily, or the equivalent in cough syrup, and codeine dependence is widely called the 'secret addiction' as users appear to maintain 'normal' lives as their habit takes hold.
Addicts can take between 20 and 30 pills daily, or the equivalent in cough syrup, and codeine dependence is widely called the "secret addiction" as users appear to maintain normal lives as their habit takes hold.
Dr Agath says, 'Dependence on codeine is no different from dependence on heroin - one needs to keep increasing the dose to have the same effect.
for consuming different kinds of drugs such as morphine, codeine, heroin, cocaine and others.