codeine


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codeine

(kō`dēn), alkaloid found in opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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. It is a narcoticnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
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 whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abusedrug addiction and drug abuse,
chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying
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.

Codeine

 

an alkaloid contained in opium. Codeine is similar to morphine in chemical structure; however, its analgesic effect is less powerful. It relieves irritability of the coughing center. Codeine or codeine phosphate is prescribed for coughs. It is administered in the form of tablets or powders, mixed with sugar, sodium hydrocarbonate, terpin hydrate, thermopsis, and licorice powder. Codeine, in combination with soporifics and bromide preparations, is used as a sedative. Codeine is not prescribed for children. Prolonged use of codeine may cause addiction.

codeine

[′kō‚dēn]
(pharmacology)
C18H21NO3 An alkaloid prepared from morphine; used as mild analgesic and cough suppressant.

codeine

a white crystalline alkaloid prepared mainly from morphine and having a similar but milder action. It is used as an analgesic, an antidiarrhoeal, and to relieve coughing. Formula: C18H21NO3
References in periodicals archive ?
It's critical that we protect children from unnecessary exposure to prescription cough medicines containing codeine or hydrocodone.
Some prescription medicines for treating coughs and symptoms associated with allergies or the common cold may contain codeine and hydrocodone in combination with other medicines, such as antihistamines decongestants, the agency noted.
I commend the board for banning the use of codeine which currently is cheap and has been used as a substitute for cocaine and heroin,' he said.
Pure codeine is mostly prescribed as a painkiller and falls under controlled substances.
7) Newborn central nervous system (CNS) depression is the most common adverse effect of fetal ingestion of excessive codeine and morphine from breast milk and may present as sedation, apnea, bradycardia, or cyanosis.
If codeine or tramadol is used in breastfeeding women, the clinician should speak with the patient and family about the possible side effects and recent labeling changes.
To qualify for inclusion in the study, participants had to have treated someone who had either misused codeine or was dependent on codeine in the past 12 months.
In chemical terms the codeine is 7,8-didehydro-4,5alpha-epoxy-3-methoxy-17- methylmorphinan-6-alpha-olphosphate (1:1) (salt) hemihydrates (Fig: 3) [11].
Morphine/codeine (Mor/Cod) ratio is widely used in forensic medicine to differentiate between consuming codeine and morphine (2, 3).
Most teens don't limit their drinking to just the purple drink, so now we have a mixture of codeine with alcohol and or marijuana --all of which result in respiratory depression and potentially death.
About 27 million over-the-counter pills containing codeine are sold every year and it's used as strong pain relief medication for headaches, toothache and backache.
tramadol, codeine, hydrocodone, and possibly oxycodone)" that overlap with medicines that the CPIC guideline recommends avoiding (codeine and tramadol) or for which concerns are noted (oxycodone and hydrocodone).