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instruction of both sexes in the same institution. The economic benefits gained from joint classes and the need to secure equality for women in industrial, professional, and political activities have influenced the spread of coeducation. There were scattered examples of coeducation in the late 17th cent. in Scotland and in the American Colonies, but there was no general trend until the great expansion of public education between 1830 and 1845 in the developing W United States. The distance between schools in that region and the small number of pupils caused elementary schools to admit girls. The movement spread naturally to the secondary schools during the reorganization of public education after the Civil War. Oberlin College gave degrees to both men and women as early as 1837, but it was the development of state universities during the post–Civil War era that standardized collegiate coeducation. Since 1960 nearly every formerly single-sex college has become coeducational; only about one hundred, mostly historic women's schools and men's seminaries, remain. The coeducational movement encountered stronger resistance outside the United States. In Europe, the Scandinavian countries were the earliest supporters, but many other nations limited coeducation to institutions of higher learning. Although coeducation has expanded since World War II, there are many nations where it still meets opposition on religious and cultural grounds.


See C. Lasser, ed., Educating Men and Women Together (1987); D. Tyack and E. Hansot, Learning Together (1990).


instruction in schools, colleges, etc., attended by both sexes
References in periodicals archive ?
I prefer coeducation as it creates an atmosphere of equality and understanding.
Now we will pursue civil disobedience until other prohibitions and obligations such as wearing a tie, teachers with beards and coeducation come to a halt," members stated.
Developmental changes which are often traumatic for young adolescent females are problematic because of hurtful comments and incidents of sexual harassment which occur within many coeducation environments (Derry & Phillips, 2004; as cited in Garcia, 1994; Griffin, 1983, 1984; Lee, Carter, & Xiang, 1995; Pipher, 1994; Sadker & Sadker 1994; The Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, 1992).
After implementing gender equity policies (Title IX) in many Western countries, many researchers have noted some problems with coeducation in many settings, including PE.
The University of Rochester came late to coeducation, and by the late 1890s there was a backlash against women in many other schools where women had been admitted.
We should learn the lessons of single-sex education and apply them in the coeducation sector,' he said.
The transition to coeducation had neither solved all of Wheaton's problems nor met all of the ambitious objectives that had been set at the time.
Q: I'm glad I chose coeducation for self or my family because .
The Afghan chief justice has declared that coeducation is against Islam and should be abolished in Afghanistan, Afghan Islamic Press (AIP) reported Tuesday.
Parents who want single-sex schooling for their children are also left with fewer and more expensive options than those satisfied with coeducation.
It was the first year of coeducation, and at the reception afterward I kept scanning the crowd, hoping to spot one of the new women "rats" (as freshmen at VMI are called, to designate their status as the lowest creatures on earth).
Board member Anita Blair, who voted against coeducation and wore a button that read ``Go Private,'' said the school stands now stands to lose its ``distinctive, attractive educational niche.