cognitive dissonance


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Related to cognitive dissonance: cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive dissonance

[¦käg·nəd·iv ′dīs·ən·əns]
(psychology)
Psychological conflict that results from incongruous beliefs and attitudes held simultaneously.

cognitive dissonance

the experience of competing, opposing or contradictory thoughts, attitudes or actions leading to a feeling of tension and the need to achieve consonance. The term was introduced by Festinger (1957). In his definition dissonant cognitions exist when Belief A implies the negation of Belief B. For example, ‘Smoking causes lung cancer’ is dissonant with ‘I smoke’. The dissonance can be reduced in a variety of ways, either by adjusting Belief A or Belief B. Belief A could be adjusted by disregarding medical reports that confirm the belief and by paying particular attention to sceptical reports. Belief B can be adjusted by smoking less, or smoking tobacco of a low carcinogenic type.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet, all of us have stood in the department store in a stressful state of cognitive dissonance wrestling with a 'To buy or not to buy' decision.
According to the theory of cognitive dissonance proposed by Festinger (1962), people who experience dissonance caused by inconsistent relations among cognitive elements may motivate themselves to reduce the inconsistency or to avoid situations that increase the inconsistency.
Thogerson (2004) performed a cognitive dissonance study on the consistencies and inconsistencies in environmentally responsible behaviors.
The study is based upon concepts that encompass cognitive dissonance theory, alongside with students' evaluation of teachers and courses.
In the current study, we qualitatively investigate the relationship between teacher beliefs and their associated teacher practices at two public elementary schools with diverse student populations through the theoretical perspective of cognitive dissonance.
Last, cognitive dissonance could initiate a mental recovery process of searching for supportive information that results in the reduction of the dissonance itself (George & Edward, 2009).
Your brain hates cognitive dissonance so it justifies the effort, usually by deciding the task actually was valuable.
Although schema theory describes how an individual processes information attempting to make sense of it, the theory does not describe how a decision is made (Axelrod, 1974); however, cognitive dissonance theory has provided an overview of the thought process a person undertakes when he or she thinks about a decision internally (Festinger, 1962).
Leviticus, Gabriel, Cognitive Dissonance, and other supernatural deities populate this witty, apocalyptic fantasy.
The aim of our research is to explore the link between Action Identification Theory and Cognitive Dissonance Theory, focusing on the impact of identification of a dissonant behavior on the processes of dissonance reduction.
You may experience cognitive dissonance reading Death by Calcium.
Cognitive dissonance describes the mental stress and discomfort experienced by an individual who is confronted with two true, but apparently contradictory observations.

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