cognitive dissonance


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Related to cognitive dissonance: cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive dissonance

[¦käg·nəd·iv ′dīs·ən·əns]
(psychology)
Psychological conflict that results from incongruous beliefs and attitudes held simultaneously.

cognitive dissonance

the experience of competing, opposing or contradictory thoughts, attitudes or actions leading to a feeling of tension and the need to achieve consonance. The term was introduced by Festinger (1957). In his definition dissonant cognitions exist when Belief A implies the negation of Belief B. For example, ‘Smoking causes lung cancer’ is dissonant with ‘I smoke’. The dissonance can be reduced in a variety of ways, either by adjusting Belief A or Belief B. Belief A could be adjusted by disregarding medical reports that confirm the belief and by paying particular attention to sceptical reports. Belief B can be adjusted by smoking less, or smoking tobacco of a low carcinogenic type.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Bovard, "selective memory" or cognitive dissonance is most likely to occur when our actions have been freely chosen and when we are committed to the behaviour.
The standard definition of cognitive dissonance describes it as conflict between two or more thoughts (Festinger, 1957).
And, yes, the report showed high levels of cognitive dissonance.
He looks at its heterodox character, its sociohistorical context, the audience's social location, synchronic literary analysis, the problem of evil and cognitive dissonance, the irrational response to the (over-)rationalization of traditional wisdom, the positive power of the book's pessimism, and the sociology of its canonicity.
For those who were expecting a "Reagan Revolution" with the election of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger to the papacy, meaning a clear swing to the right, his appointments are generating no small amount of cognitive dissonance.
Having been trapped in the cells of cognitive dissonance for too long, my overtaxed perceptions found Sunday's column tantamount to probation," wrote one man.
Attitudes--Cowardly Lion's cognitive dissonance caused by being afraid and his image of a lion as a fearless beast.
Human nature being what it is, everybody wants to try to reaffirm what they believe and to walk under cognitive dissonance, where you believe one thing and do something else, and somehow try to keep your head from exploding.
Comparisons on scores for the Cognitive Dissonance Test were made between 243 Canadian and 1275 United States high school students.
To make this research agenda operational, we will cover a set of related topics, which will range from the analysis of networks and career trajectories within political parties to the impact of emotions on protests, from the cognitive biases and personality traits of elected officials to the impact of violence on long-term political attitudes, from cognitive dissonance in voting to the contamination between political and judicial elections.
Leon Festinger, one of the great social psychologists in history, coined the term cognitive dissonance to describe the discomfort you feel if you say or do something that is inconsistent with one of your beliefs.

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