cognitive dissonance


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Related to cognitive dissonance: cognitive behavioral therapy

cognitive dissonance

[¦käg·nəd·iv ′dīs·ən·əns]
(psychology)
Psychological conflict that results from incongruous beliefs and attitudes held simultaneously.

cognitive dissonance

the experience of competing, opposing or contradictory thoughts, attitudes or actions leading to a feeling of tension and the need to achieve consonance. The term was introduced by Festinger (1957). In his definition dissonant cognitions exist when Belief A implies the negation of Belief B. For example, ‘Smoking causes lung cancer’ is dissonant with ‘I smoke’. The dissonance can be reduced in a variety of ways, either by adjusting Belief A or Belief B. Belief A could be adjusted by disregarding medical reports that confirm the belief and by paying particular attention to sceptical reports. Belief B can be adjusted by smoking less, or smoking tobacco of a low carcinogenic type.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet, all of us have stood in the department store in a stressful state of cognitive dissonance wrestling with a 'To buy or not to buy' decision.
According to the theory of cognitive dissonance proposed by Festinger (1962), people who experience dissonance caused by inconsistent relations among cognitive elements may motivate themselves to reduce the inconsistency or to avoid situations that increase the inconsistency.
Thogerson (2004) performed a cognitive dissonance study on the consistencies and inconsistencies in environmentally responsible behaviors.
The study is based upon concepts that encompass cognitive dissonance theory, alongside with students' evaluation of teachers and courses.
In the current study, we qualitatively investigate the relationship between teacher beliefs and their associated teacher practices at two public elementary schools with diverse student populations through the theoretical perspective of cognitive dissonance.
It is necessary to link the cognitive dissonance to the individual personality traits to disclose those aspects which were not disclosed by the researches and studies in their experimental or theoretical aspects.
Cognitive dissonance refers to the uncomfortable feeling that humans may get when their behavior is inconsistent with their beliefs (Festinger, 1957).
Cognitive dissonance theory (105) offers an explanation as to why some affected populations might perceive a tribunal as biased and unjust without considering whether it is actually biased and unjust.
We examined whether vocal markers of cognitive dissonance are useful for detecting financial misreporting," the authors wrote.
Following this, I utilize research on cognitive dissonance theory to explore potential connections between dissonance reduction and processes of resistance.
This belief is consistent with past research that recognizes decision difficulty to be an important source of cognitive dissonance (Festinger, 1957; Menasco and Hawkins, 1978).
When I went to visit the new brand's website and the meat case at a nearby Pathmark I felt the kind of cognitive dissonance that screeches "Ouch

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