His studies indicate that responders to cognitive-behavioral therapy
(CBT) have less pupil dilation than normal controls in response to a pretreatment task sensitive to emotional-information processing--for example, consideration of a negative word or a picture of an unhappy face--while CBT nonresponders have greater pupil dilation, compared with controls.
The current trial was undertaken in order to "underpin the importance of psycho-analytically informed approaches in clinical areas dominated by cognitive-behavioral therapy
," they wrote.
The cognitive-behavioral therapy
guided self-help was given by specialists--doctoral-level research clinicians with experience in CBT as well as obesity and eating disorders," Dr.
In a randomized, multicenter study with four treatment arms, adolescents receiving fluoxetine alone did almost as well as those receiving both fluoxetine and cognitive-behavioral therapy
At the 6-month interviews, recipients of cognitive-behavioral therapy
first exhibited much steeper declines in cocaine use than those who received clinical management, regardless of desipramine or placebo treatment.
The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders identified 24 of these women, who completed a questionnaire about their preferences for receiving cognitive-behavioral therapy
, with major depressive disorder or minor depression.
In an 8-week, randomized, investigator-blinded trial, cognitive-behavioral therapy
(CBT) for 35 patients was not significantly more effective than relaxation training was for 36 patients or routine clinical care was for 34 patients.
Sleep abnormalities continued to show no relation to the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy
up to one year after sessions concluded, the researchers note.
This is the essence of cognitive-behavioral therapy
, which, I am convinced, trains and develops the cerebrum into a more efficient brain to process, judge, understand, and calm the body.
Women with moderate to severe functional bowel disorders may benefit from cognitive-behavioral therapy
or treatment with desipramine, said Dr.
, which attempts to correct negative perceptions and behaviors, may provide the best treatment for "powerless" depression, the researchers suggest.
Self-reported pain on the Short Form--36 pain scale improved from a score of 56 before cognitive-behavioral therapy
to 66 afterward (with a higher score indicating less pain), but did not change significantly in the control group.