Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to colic: Gripe water, abdominal colic


intense pain caused by spasmodic contractions of one of the hollow organs, e.g., the stomach, intestine, gall bladder, ureter, or oviduct. The cause of colic is irritation and/or obstruction, and the irritant and/or obstruction may be a stone (as in the gall bladder or ureter), an irritant food or gas (in the stomach and intestines), appendicitis, or implantation of an embryo in an oviduct. Intestinal colic in infancy is sometimes attributed to gas formed by excessive swallowing of air or inadequate digestion of milk. Treatment of colic is relative to the cause.



a paroxysm of acute spasmodic abdominal or retroperitoneal pain. There are various forms, including hepatic and renal colic, which are caused primarily by stones; vermicular colic; intestinal colic, which is caused by fecaliths and certain diseases; and pancreatic colic, which is a symptom of pancreatitis and pancreatic calculi. The pain associated with colic is due to prolonged spasm of the orbicular muscles of the intestinal walls, the biliary tract, and the ureter. Colic may also occur when portions of the intestine are distended by gases. It is accompanied by vomiting and worsening of the general condition. It may last from several minutes to several hours.

In animals a distinction is made between true colic, which occurs in diseases of the stomach and intestine, and false colic, which accompanies certain infectious diseases and pathological changes in the bladder, liver, and other organs. The seizures vary in duration, lasting from several minutes to several hours. The animals shift from leg to leg, paw the ground, lie down, roll about, and assume a variety of unnatural positions. Treatment and preventative measures include the use of pain relievers and the elimination of the causes of the disease responsible for the colic.


Vnutrennie nezaraznye boleznii sel’skokhoziaistvennykh zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1967.



Acute paroxysmal abdominal pain usually caused by smooth muscle spasm, obstruction, or twisting.
In early infancy, paroxysms of pain, crying, and irritability caused by swallowing air, overfeeding, intestinal allergy, and emotional factors.


a condition characterized by acute spasmodic abdominal pain, esp that caused by inflammation, distention, etc., of the gastrointestinal tract
References in periodicals archive ?
And while various small studies have already pointed to Lactobacillus reuteri as a hedge against colic, this latest study backs up the claim for the probiotic with a larger and broader sample size.
The second meta-analysis was conducted to help doctors to an evidence-based advice to parents on best possible treatment for infant colic.
The Colic Root was originally used to produce steroidal preparations such as cortisone, anabolic hormones, and a precursor of progesterone, to make the contraceptive pill.
METHODS: A search of literature reviews for the treatment of infant colic using chiropractic and lactobacillus was made using the Cochrane collaboration software program, review manager (RevMan) (RevMan 2008).
Results: Total 176 patients (n: 89 in before Ramadan, n: 87 in Ramadan) with renal colic were enrolled into the study.
The Little Remedies Advanced Colic Relief has a suggested retail price of $14-$18.
In addition, it's useful to be aware that maternal post-natal depression may be a factor in the presentation of colic, and if confirmed this should also be addressed.
Results were individually combined with the text words colic, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, inflammatory bowel disease, constipation and colitis and searched with 'AND'.
RESULTS: Of the 500 cases of acute abdomen, renal colic was the most commonly encountered diagnosis accounting for 64% of the cases followed by appendicitis 16%, biliary colic 14 % and pancreatitis 6%.
Gelfand and her associates at UCSF, the odds ratio for the link between migraine and infant colic was 3.
The acid-base and hydro-electrolytic evaluation, as well as the blood gas condition allow choosing the more appropriated treatment for the animal with colic syndrome.