peccary

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Related to collared peccary: javelina

peccary

(pĕk`ərē), small wild pig, genus Tayassu, the only pig native to the Americas. Although similar in appearance to Old World pigs, peccaries are classified in a family of their own because of anatomical differences. Peccaries have downward-curved tusks with which they fight ferociously when threatened. They have large heads and long snouts; both sexes have scent glands on the rump. There are two peccary species. The collared peccary, or javelina, Tayassu tajacu, is the more common, ranging from the SW United States to Argentina and inhabiting many types of country, from tropical swamps to dry scrub regions. It is about 20 in. (50 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 50 lb (23 kg); it has grizzled gray-black hair marked with a white neck band and an erectile mane on the neck. Collared peccaries move about in small family groups, eating roots, fruits, insects, worms, and reptiles. The white-lipped peccary, T. albirostris, is found in smaller numbers in forests from S Mexico to N Argentina. Reddish brown to black, with white lips and cheeks, it is somewhat larger than the collared peccary and more predacious in its habits. White-lipped peccaries move about in large herds foraging for food and hunting small mammals. Peccaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Tayassuidae.

peccary

[′pek·ə·rē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two species of small piglike mammals in the genus Tayassu, composing the family Tayassuidae.

peccary

either of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central and South America: family Tayassuidae
References in periodicals archive ?
The analyzed collared peccary ovaries were partially covered by a bursa ovarica, had an oval shape, and an irregular surface (Fig.
The six species encountered more than 100 times (red-tailed squirrel, agouti, coati, collared peccary, and the pooled brocket and white-tailed deer) all consume large amounts of fruit and/or seeds (Enders 1935, Kiltie 1981, Smythe et al.
Peccaries are strictly animals of the Americas, and the collared peccary is the smallest.
2010) did not record white-lipped peccaries off trails; both species were recorded both on and off trails in the current study although the collared peccary was somewhat more common off trails.
Collared peccary and mule deer were regularly photographed at the feeding station, although we attribute all instances of removal of fruit to the former.
In contrast, the collared peccary was common in the continuous forest, but absent in both forest fragments.
The most widespread of the three species, the collared peccary is also the smallest.
While the collared peccary is primarily a creature of dry bush and forest, the white-lipped is more a tropical creature.
1) on roads off roads Puma Puma concolor 3 1 Ocelot Leopardus pardalis 7 1 Oncilla Leopardus tigrinus 1 0 Jaguar Panthera onca 5 0 Crab-eating fox Cerdocyon thous 2 0 Jaguarundi Puma yagouaroundi 2 0 Tapir Tapirus terrestris 4 3 Brazilian rabbit Sylvilagus brasiliensis 4 2 Red brocket Mazama americana 5 4 Dwarf brocket Mazama nana 1 1 Agouti Dasyprocta azarae 6 6 Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus 1 1 Collared peccary Tayassu tajacu 1 0 Paca Cuniculus paca 1 1 Coati Nasua nasua 2 2 Common name Freq.
The extant collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) has no Pleistocene record in the United States, where it is known only from archaeological sites of late Holocene age.