peccary

(redirected from collared peccary)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to collared peccary: javelina

peccary

(pĕk`ərē), small wild pig, genus Tayassu, the only pig native to the Americas. Although similar in appearance to Old World pigs, peccaries are classified in a family of their own because of anatomical differences. Peccaries have downward-curved tusks with which they fight ferociously when threatened. They have large heads and long snouts; both sexes have scent glands on the rump. There are two peccary species. The collared peccary, or javelina, Tayassu tajacu, is the more common, ranging from the SW United States to Argentina and inhabiting many types of country, from tropical swamps to dry scrub regions. It is about 20 in. (50 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 50 lb (23 kg); it has grizzled gray-black hair marked with a white neck band and an erectile mane on the neck. Collared peccaries move about in small family groups, eating roots, fruits, insects, worms, and reptiles. The white-lipped peccary, T. albirostris, is found in smaller numbers in forests from S Mexico to N Argentina. Reddish brown to black, with white lips and cheeks, it is somewhat larger than the collared peccary and more predacious in its habits. White-lipped peccaries move about in large herds foraging for food and hunting small mammals. Peccaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Tayassuidae.

peccary

[′pek·ə·rē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two species of small piglike mammals in the genus Tayassu, composing the family Tayassuidae.

peccary

either of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central and South America: family Tayassuidae
References in periodicals archive ?
Ecology and social behavior of the collared peccary in Big Bend National Park, Texas.
Seasonal food habits of the collared peccary in south Texas.
Foods and feeding patterns of the collared peccary in southern Arizona.
Anatomy of the stomach of collared peccary, Dicotyles tajacu (L.
For their part, collared peccary herds are very stable, with few animals entering or leaving except through birth or death.
Collared peccary range expansion in northwestern New Mexico.
Some aspects of the nutritional biology of the collared peccary.
4 Collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) Parameter Mean SE Pods of honey mesquites (Prosopis glandulosa) Rate of intake 1.
Four, non-reproductive adults from each of the following species were used: wild boar (four females), white-tailed deer (four females), collared peccary (two males, two females), wild turkey (two males, two females), raccoon (four females), and southern plains woodrat (four females).
As the only ruminant in this study, white-tailed deer were superior to small hindgut-fermenting species at digesting fiber, and were similar to a large hindgut fermenter (wild boar) and also the smaller foregut-fermenting collared peccary.
Protozoa in the forestomach of the collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu).
Comparative digestive efficiency and feed intake of the collared peccary.