collective bargaining


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Related to collective bargaining: trade union, Collective bargaining agreement

collective bargaining,

in labor relations, procedure whereby an employer or employers agree to discuss the conditions of work by bargaining with representatives of the employees, usually a labor union. Its purpose may be either a discussion of the terms and conditions of employment (wages, work hours, job safety, or job security) or a consideration of the collective relations between both sides (the right to organize workers, recognition of a union, or a guarantee of no reprisals against the workers if a strike has occurred). The merits of collective bargaining have been argued by both opponents and proponents of the process; the former maintain that it deprives the worker of his individual liberty to dispose of his service, while the latter point out that without the union's protection the worker is subject to the dictation of the employer. As an essential process in labor relations, collective bargaining was first developed in Great Britain in the 19th cent. It has since become an accepted practice in most Western countries with a high level of industrialization. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, known as the Wagner Act, established the right to collective bargaining in the United States.

Bibliography

See G. Farmer, Collective Bargaining in Transition (2 vol., 1967); J. S. Fishkin, The Limits of Obligation (1983); E. E. Herman et al., Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations (2d ed. 1987); J. P. Windmuller et al., Collective Bargaining in Industrialized Market Economies (1987).

collective bargaining

the negotiations about terms and conditions of employment which take place between an employer, or an employers association, and one or more TRADE UNIONS. Sociological interest in collective bargaining has involved, for example, consideration of the implications it has for the structure, aims and accomplishments of trade unions, the relations between managers and employees, and the dynamics of capitalist society; an underlying theme being the extent to which it is associated with the institutionalization of conflict and, relatedly, the separation of economic and political issues (see POSTCAPITALISM, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS).

collective bargaining

[kə′lek·tiv ′bär·gən·iŋ]
(industrial engineering)
The negotiation for mutual agreement in the settlement of a labor contract between an employer or his representatives and a labor union or its representatives.
References in periodicals archive ?
Its purpose is to destroy labor unions and the freedom of collective bargaining.
But Shanker and others insisted that teachers needed collective bargaining in order to be compensated sufficiently and treated as professionals.
A principal defect with this philosophy is that it implicitly regards collective bargaining as an economic issue and one not to be regarded as a human right.
Montana: Lengthens the time miners can work, including the hours under collective bargaining agreements.
In 2006, Worcester firefighters, through collective bargaining, increased their health care contribution by 5 percent.
As in the past, the NFLPA's threatened disclaimer as the representatives of the players, together with the now-familiar antitrust litigation that is expected to follow, is a ploy and an unlawful subversion of the collective bargaining process, there is no evidence whatsoever of any (let alone widespread) disaffection with the Union by its members.
States and municipal governments would be required to establish procedures by which to resolve collective bargaining impasses and the bills would require that state courts enforce the rights established by these mandatory collective bargaining bill.
There are significant developments in the legal and institutional frameworks for collective bargaining in many countries in the African region.
4) The decision of the Ontario legislature to re-exclude agricultural workers from collective bargaining legislation--which had only shortly before been amended to include them--brought into sharp relief the absolute nature of the exclusion.
Canadian Collective Bargaining Law does contain some of Rayner's own observations of general trends, though certainly not as much as one would like to have from an individual who has presided over such a robust era of labour relations.
Some are trying to undermine collective bargaining by passing on the increases to non-union members before collective bargaining has started," she said.
Would Oregon law trump a collective bargaining agreement about rest and meal breaks?

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