Collective Security


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Collective Security

 

cooperation among states to maintain international peace, prevent and eliminate the threat to peace, and, when necessary, suppress acts of aggression. A collective security agreement should include a system of measures for delivering a collective rebuff to the aggressor and collective aid, including military, to the victim of aggression under the principle that an attack against one of the members of the collective security agreement is regarded as an attack on all.

A collective security system may be implemented within the framework of a general international organization (for example, the United Nations, whose charter assigns the exclusive right of applying sanctions against an aggressor to the Security Council, which has the main responsibility for maintaining peace) or within the framework of regional organizations and agreements. The carrying out of disarmament measures would help to strengthen the collective security system.

The USSR views the creation of collective security as one of the most important conditions for maintaining international peace. In 1933, with the growing threat from Nazi Germany, the USSR pushed actively for an “Eastern pact” to provide collective security in Europe. Soviet diplomacy prior to World War II also worked to create a strong security system that would be as broad as possible. However, its efforts were not successful because of the policy of complicity with the aggressor that in essence was carried out by the Western powers.

During the war, Soviet diplomacy worked constantly, in examining the problems of a postwar arrangement, to turn collective security into one of the most important factors for providing worldwide peace. Its efforts in this direction were confirmed after the war in certain provisions of the UN Charter and in agreements concluded by the USSR with other countries. The Soviet Union made a number of proposals aimed at creating a collective security system in Europe (at the Big Four Foreign Ministers Meeting in Berlin in 1954, the Moscow Conference of European Nations for Maintenance of Peace and Security in Europe in November-December 1954, the Big Four Geneva Summit Conference in 1955, and others). The refusal of the imperialist powers to accept proposals on collective security and their policy after World War II of forging aggressive military and political blocs (such as NATO, SEATO, and CENTO) led the European socialist nations to conclude the Warsaw Pact of 1955 for defensive purposes. Subsequently, the member nations of this pact repeatedly proposed a nonaggression pact between the NATO member states and the Warsaw Pact states and worked for the elimination of all exclusive military groupings and blocs.

In contributing to international détente, the Soviet Union and the other socialist countries are focusing their efforts on creating collective security systems in Europe and Asia that would encompass the widest possible number of members. The European socialist countries were the initiators of convening the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, basing this call on the fact that this conference would set the path to solving a number of urgent problems, including the creation of an all-European collective security system.

D. ASANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
At the joint session, issues related to a further improvement of the Collective Security Treaty Organization were touched upon.
Since the establishment of the League of Nations and the UN, collective security has functioned as a parallel component of the changing international security landscape first with the balance-of-power system, followed by a post-Cold War unipolar system, with growing elements of a multipolar world.
Britain can no longer be independent of the collective security, which the European Union brings.
GCC officials said that the agreement stipulated full cooperation between member states and mutual responsibilities to preserve their collective security and stability.
They also approved the proposal of Qatari Minister of State for Interior Affairs Shaikh Abdulla bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al-Thani to rename the GCC Security Research Award as a posthumous tribute to late Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud in recognition of his efforts to bolster GCC collective security cooperation.
Khan further recounted Pakistan's contributions in maintaining peace in the South Asian region as a responsible nuclear state with established policy of investing in collective security.
The members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization are Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
This section employs the concept of collective security as a key tool to interpret critical developments in the nuclear issue after North Korea's nuclear test.
The Security Council needs to be restructured to reflect the contemporary realities, if it wishes to react effectively to the re-emerging collective security challenges," added Patil.
will pay off in every sphere of human life, from medical to economic, from our collective security to our spiritual fulfillment.
If ever there were a great idea that failed most regrettably in its implementation, it is that of international collective security.
Keith Neilson, professor of history at the Royal Military College of Canada, has provided a useful contribution to the body of knowledge of this subject by examining a key piece of the interwar puzzle--why did British leaders maintain their faith in post-Versailles notions of collective security, even as crises throughout the 1930s shattered hopes that a second global conflict could be avoided?

Full browser ?