collie


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collie,

breed of large, agile working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
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 developed in Scotland during the 17th and 18th cent. It stands from 22 to 26 in. (55.9–66 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 50 to 75 lb (22.7–34 kg). There are two varieties of collie; it is thought that originally the rough-coated or long-haired type herded sheep in the torturous climate of the northern Scottish hills while the less weatherproof smooth-coated collie drove cattle to market. Both varieties may be sable and white, blue merle, tricolored (black, tan, and white), or white. Although no thoroughly documented explanation of the origin of the collie's name is ever likely to be set forth, the following is probably the most reasonable. A type of sheep once found in the Scottish Highlands had black markings, either on the face or legs, and was called the "Colley" sheep. The dog that was bred and trained to herd these sheep was known as the "Colley dog," and, later, as the "collie." Today it is one of the most popular farm dogs and pets in the United States. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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.

Collie

 

a breed of working dogs, developed in the early 18th century in Scotland. It was imported into Russia in 1904. Two types of collies are bred. One type is bred by amateur dog breeders; the other, the border collie, is a herd-driving dog. Male collies measure 65–70 cm high at the shoulders; females, 60–65 cm. The head has a long muzzle. The ears are small and partially erect, and the tail is sword-shaped and usually fluffy. There are rough-coated (shorthaired) and smooth-coated (longhaired) collies. The dogs are red or black, with white markings on the forehead, muzzle, neck, legs, and the tip of the tail. In the USSR only smooth-coated collies are bred.

collie

any of several silky-coated breeds of dog developed for herding sheep and cattle
References in periodicals archive ?
Waterford Animal Welfare spokesman Andrew Quinn, who captured the collie with the use of a "snatch pole", said: "It is an absolute no-no.
The court heard that businessman Davies, of Caer Madyn, Llanbadarn Fawr, Aberystwyth, was fully co-operative with police, and border collie Nell, a rescue dog and her companion, collie-cross Rex, had attended obedience training and had never shown signs of aggression.
The 101 Ranch Records management team also includes Tammy Collie, Vice President and General Manager of RayLynn Records.
And the story begins with that of Adam Telfer and his dog Old Hemp, from the Cambo area, who was, says Alysoun, "the best border collie known in history".
It's definitely a unique feel here,'' Collie said after Friday's practice.
She said: "The owner of a Border collie has been spoken to by officers, no criminal offences have been committed and the matter has been dealt with appropriately.
Border collies are known for their high energy levels and organisational abilities that are normally put to use herding flocks of sheep.
The eight-month-old border collie, who has been named Kate, was found tied to a post next to the busy Holyhead to Chester line at Greenfield, near Holywell.
Hawes's description: "On the farm the collie almost takes the place of a man.
He was a huge tri-color collie and my constant companion since adopting him from our local animal shelter in December 2005.
A move is afoot to have the Legislature name the border collie as the official state dog.
That's not the case at TC Racing, where Neill Collie, who sold out to Coral in 2006, is back in the game in the Leicestershire village of Measham.