collie

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collie,

breed of large, agile working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
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 developed in Scotland during the 17th and 18th cent. It stands from 22 to 26 in. (55.9–66 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 50 to 75 lb (22.7–34 kg). There are two varieties of collie; it is thought that originally the rough-coated or long-haired type herded sheep in the torturous climate of the northern Scottish hills while the less weatherproof smooth-coated collie drove cattle to market. Both varieties may be sable and white, blue merle, tricolored (black, tan, and white), or white. Although no thoroughly documented explanation of the origin of the collie's name is ever likely to be set forth, the following is probably the most reasonable. A type of sheep once found in the Scottish Highlands had black markings, either on the face or legs, and was called the "Colley" sheep. The dog that was bred and trained to herd these sheep was known as the "Colley dog," and, later, as the "collie." Today it is one of the most popular farm dogs and pets in the United States. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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.

Collie

 

a breed of working dogs, developed in the early 18th century in Scotland. It was imported into Russia in 1904. Two types of collies are bred. One type is bred by amateur dog breeders; the other, the border collie, is a herd-driving dog. Male collies measure 65–70 cm high at the shoulders; females, 60–65 cm. The head has a long muzzle. The ears are small and partially erect, and the tail is sword-shaped and usually fluffy. There are rough-coated (shorthaired) and smooth-coated (longhaired) collies. The dogs are red or black, with white markings on the forehead, muzzle, neck, legs, and the tip of the tail. In the USSR only smooth-coated collies are bred.

collie

any of several silky-coated breeds of dog developed for herding sheep and cattle