collision detection

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collision detection

[kə′lizh·ən di‚tek·shən]
(computer science)
A procedure in which a computer network senses a situation where two computer devices attempt to access the network at the same time and blocks the messages, requiring each device to resubmit its message at a randomly selected time.

collision detection

A class of methods for sharing a data transmission medium in which hosts transmit as soon as they have data to send and then check to see whether their transmission has suffered a collision with another host's.

If a collision is detected then the data must be resent. The resending algorithm should try to minimise the chance that two hosts's data will repeatedly collide. For example, the CSMA/CD protocol used on Ethernet specifies that they should then wait for a random time before re-transmitting.

See also backoff.

This contrasts with slotted protocols and token passing.
References in periodicals archive ?
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