Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to colonialism: Postcolonialism, Neo colonialism


the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
More fundamentally, postcolonial analysis is not only about colonialism but also about capitalism and how it has been moulded by colonial and neocolonial structures.
He said that Russia had launched war against the others super powers of the world only to end fascism and colonialism of top countries of the world.
Recognizing that the peoples of the world ardently desire the end of colonialism in all its manifestations, Convinced that the continued existence of colonialism prevents the development of international economic co-operation, impedes the social, cultural and economic development of dependent peoples and militates against the United Nations ideal of universal peace,
But claiming that identity and juridical states of exception or the Treaty of Wanghia are what caused colonialism or imperialism is not.
The regional Leadership of al-Bth Arab Socialist Party said that Syria will be victorious with the strength of its people, army and leadership, and that the Syrians will foil terrorism and neo-colonialism as they did when they foiled the old colonialism in the region.
Along with this is the rise of the ecumenical movement, which is also considered to be another concrete manifestation of the churches in fighting colonialism and imperialism residing in missionary works of the churches (p.
Since the arrival of European colonialism, every African country has witnessed a ferocious and psychotic greed.
Conrad's depiction of colonialism, however unevenly spread across the continent, contributed to the Western world's understanding of Africa a century ago.
The book captures the complexities of racism and colonialism within feminist movements and political systems, with contributions from indigenous researchers and other scholars.
OUR Government is to pay PS20 million to former '50s Mau Mau fighters who were tortured, sometimes castrated, while fighting to end Kenya's subjection to British colonialism - a move many Kenyans must now regret in the light of the dearth of African countries able to live without Overseas Aid and produce honest politicians.
Colonialism in India is a basic textbook for a semester course on colonialism at graduate level.
Dr Donahaye said: "I don't think there's any question that the Welsh settlement project in Patagonia was an act of colonialism.