colonialism

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colonialism

the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas

colonialism

the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Colonialism

 

the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
The Assembly said that French and British colonialists, who came to Syria under the name of "mandate" and slogans of civilization, were a symbol of desecration, destruction, sedition and fragmentation who sought to distort the Syrian society.
Rather, we should demand recognition that Israel is Occupied Palestine, that all Israeli towns and cities are illegal settlements, and that it is time to free Palestine and its people from the illegitimate colonialist regime known as Israel.
In the final chapter, Thakkar reconsiders Rulfo's protagonist Pedro Paramo as a character who, while ruthless, provokes sympathy because he appears to be trapped in the colonialist standards that define caciquismo, analogous to Padre Renteria, who is caught by his own religious discourse.
The new organization should first address the wrongs wrought by Western colonialists, according to Rael.
The classified concepts are assigned to differentiate people from one another, especially in the African continent by the colonialists and western scholars for the perpetration of their atrocities during the colonization period as Smedley (1993) correctly describes ".
It is the early 1960s and a fledging independence movement is stirring, causing the nervous British colonialists who have made the island home to worry about the long-term prospects of their privileged status.
Their position there is that of colonialist settlers.
This article examines how new, globally-inflected patterns of consumption among young people in the state of Kerala, India are configured in relation to a specifically postcolonial cultural politics of gender, class, and caste, rooted in the colonialist and nationalist projects.
He cycles through a laundry list of nations that are dependent on coffee exports, a situation that he largely blames on America's wicked colonialist tendencies.
Although this nation's governmental policy and rhetoric were often anticolonialist when directed towards the practices of other countries, the United States itself increasingly enacted its own colonialist practices in this time.
But David Kunzle, a UCLA professor noted for earlier writings about art and social criticism, studies both of the early history of the "comic book" (1973) and murals of Nicaragua (1995), has written an impassioned study of one of the most martial epochs of European history, when the Dutch Republic was forged in the crucible of its own Dutch Revolt, amid the ongoing agonies of the Thirty Years' War, and mired in its own colonialist destiny with further wars with both England and France.