Colossus

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Colossus

(A huge and ancient statue on the Greek island of Rhodes).

1. <computer> The Colossus and Colossus Mark II computers used by Alan Turing at Bletchley Park, UK during the Second World War to crack the "Tunny" cipher produced by the Lorenz SZ 40 and SZ 42 machines. Colossus was a semi-fixed-program vacuum tube calculator (unlike its near-contemporary, the freely programmable Z3).

["Breaking the enemy's code", Glenn Zorpette, IEEE Spectrum, September 1987, pp. 47-51.]

2. The computer in the 1970 film, "Colossus: The Forbin Project". Forbin is the designer of a computer that will run all of America's nuclear defences. Shortly after being turned on, it detects the existence of Goliath, the Soviet counterpart, previously unknown to US Planners. Both computers insist that they be linked, whereupon the two become a new super computer and threaten the world with the immediate launch of nuclear weapons if they are detached. Colossus begins to give its plans for the management of the world under its guidance. Forbin and the other scientists form a technological resistance to Colossus which must operate underground.

The Internet Movie Database.

Colossus

A statue which is larger than life-size.
References in periodicals archive ?
HULKING MASS It's quite a challenge to scale one of the gigantic Colossi
The colossi remain stunningly imposing, towering figures which cast a tragically solitary shadow.
The sun-blasted grass of the fields, the ivy laced stones of the buildings, the fur on the colossi -- all of the graphical textures -- have been revamped.
We're excited to have Colossi showcase their crowd.
Colossi games will be available during both days of the expo, and will be sponsored by one of the expo sponsors, Unity.
The temple is already famous for its existing 3,400-year-old Memnon colossi -- twin statues of Amenhotep III whose reign archaeologists say marked the political and cultural zenith of ancient Egyptian civilisation.
The colossi are some of Egypt's oldest touristic attractions, drawing tourists since ancient times.
Ancient colossi continue to be unearthed to this day.
We're thrilled to be a part of SXSW," says Ben Skaggs, Co-founder of Colossi.
The first few colossi fall easily and you'll be too elated at your success to care much about them.