columnist


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columnist,

the writer of an essay appearing regularly in a newspaper or periodical, usually under a constant heading. Although originally humorous, the column in many cases has supplanted the editorial for authoritative opinions on world problems. Usually independent of the policy of the publication, the columnist is allowed to criticize political and social institutions as well as persons. Well-known American columnists have included Finley Peter Dunne, Heywood BrounBroun, Heywood Campbell
, 1888–1939, American newspaper columnist and critic, b. Brooklyn, N.Y. He worked on the New York Tribune (1912–21) and the New York World (1921–28), where his syndicated column, "It Seems to Me," began.
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, Ernie PylePyle, Ernie
(Ernest Taylor Pyle), 1900–1945, American journalist, b. Dana, Ind. After working (1923–32) as a reporter, an editor, and an aviation writer, he became managing editor of the Washington Daily News.
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, F. P. AdamsAdams, Franklin Pierce,
pseud. F. P. A.,
1881–1960, American columnist and author, b. Chicago. He began (1903) work as a columnist on the Chicago Journal and continued it on the New York Evening Mail, the Tribune, the World, the
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 (F. P. A.), Drew PearsonPearson, Drew,
1897–1969, American journalist and radio commentator, b. Evanston, Ill. He traveled around the world as a correspondent before joining the Baltimore Sun in 1926.
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, Dorothy Thompson, Arthur KrockKrock, Arthur,
1886–1974, American journalist, b. Glasgow, Ky. He left Princeton to take up reporting and worked in Louisville and Washington. In 1927 he joined the New York Times, becoming Washington correspondent in 1932.
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, Westbrook Pegler, Walter LippmannLippmann, Walter,
1889–1974, American essayist and editor, b. New York City. He was associate editor of the New Republic in its early days (1914–17), but at the outbreak of World War I he left to become Assistant Secretary of War, later helping to prepare data
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, James RestonReston, James Barrett
(Scotty Reston), 1909–95, American journalist, b. Clydebank, Scotland. His family emigrated to the United States in 1920. After working briefly for the Springfield (Ohio) Daily News, he joined the Associated Press in 1934.
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, Joseph and Stewart AlsopAlsop, Joseph
, 1910–89, and Alsop, Stewart, 1914–74, American political journalists, b. Avon, Conn. Joseph joined (1932) the New York Herald Tribune as a staff reporter and moved (1936) to its Washington, D.C., bureau.
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, Russell Baker, Mary McGrory, William F. BuckleyBuckley, William Frank, Jr.,
1925–2008, American editor, author, and lecturer, b. New York City, grad. Yale, 1946. A popular, eloquent, and witty spokesman for the conservative point of view, Buckley helped found the modern conservative movement and played an important
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, Jr., Jimmy Breslin, William SafireSafire, William L.
, 1929–2009, American journalist and speechwriter, b. New York City as William Safir. A former reporter and public-relations executive, he became a speechwriter (1968–73) for Richard Nixon during his 1968 presidential campaign and continued in the
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, Tom Wicker, Ellen Goodman, Murray Kempton, and Art BuchwaldBuchwald, Art
, 1925–2006, American humorist, b. Mt. Vernon, N.Y. He began (1949) a syndicated entertainment column for the New York Herald Tribune while living in Paris.
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. Noted newspaper columnists have included gossip columnists Walter Winchell, Louella Parsons, Liz Smith, and "Suzy"; advice columnists Ann Landers and Abigail van Buren; economic columnist Sylvia Porter; etiquette columnist "Miss Manners" (Judith Martin); and sports columnists Lou Cannon and Red SmithSmith, Red
(Walter Wellesley Smith), 1905–82, American sportswriter, b. Green Bay, Wis., grad. Notre Dame, 1927. After working on newspapers in St. Louis and Philadelphia, he began a syndicated column in the New York Herald Tribune in 1945.
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.

Bibliography

See S. G. Riley, ed., Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists (1995) and S. G. Riley, The American Newspaper Columnist (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
A 'third party,' he said, may be taking advantage of the rift between him and the columnist.
If a columnist is known, or even just perceived, to serve vested interests, his credibility suffers.
IT'S POSSIBLE THAT the decline of newspapers will mean the decline of the superstar columnist, but it may be more likely that the opposite will happen.
At the end of one year, in February of 2006, Smith would have the option of resigning, of extending the agreement, or of returning as a full-time columnist, at a salary of $190,000.
New York Times columnists John Tierney and Paul Krugman weigh in on Wal-Mart and its impact on America.
Bush than anyone other than Chief of Staff Andrew Card, columnist Maureen Dowd objected to the president naming his close friend to succeed Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.
The New York Times Op-Ed columnist offers essays exploring his view that the American ideals of freedom and justice are in a state of decline.
The same day, National Journal columnist William Powers tells The Hartford Courant, "There is so much change happening, and everyone feels a little lost and disoriented.
Ian St John, Radio/ Sky pundit/ newspaper columnist.
THE SITUATION: A high-school history teacher working as a freelance columnist at a small newspaper invents an imaginary colleague to debate in a column.
STEVE RUSHIN, Sports Illustrated columnist, struck dumb at the sight of the Canadian hockey legend, Jean Beliveau, immaculately suited with his silvery mane shining under the lights: "All I can say is that if God ever got a $500 haircut, he'd look like Jean Beliveau.
When Cal called me recently to tell me that the Cincinnati Enquirer had dropped his column in favor of a pro-abortion columnist, you can understand why both Cal and I were disturbed by the paper's action.