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(1) An official (officer or general) in the armed forces of various states. The commander of a fortress garrison was first called a commandant in the 16th century. In Russia up until 1715 the commandant of a military garrison was also the district governor, but after that date he was only the chief of the garrison. There were commandants of headquarters under the commander in chief and under the commanders of individual armies; there were also city commandants, commandants of railroad and waterway sectors, and corps commandants. In the Soviet armed forces there are garrison commandants, military commandants of railroad and waterway sectors and of railroad stations and ports, commandants of water crossings, and so forth.

A garrison commandant is appointed in every garrison. He sees to it that servicemen observe military discipline in public places and in the streets and that the guard and patrol service is conducted properly; he also organizes the protection and defense of objectives within the garrison and the garrison patrol service. In Moscow and Leningrad the garrison commandant is also the city commandant.

The military commandant of a railroad or waterway sector and of a railroad station or port, who is a representative of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR, ensures the fulfillment of military transport plans and exercises the functions of a garrison commandant within the territory of his sector.

The commandant of water crossings, who is appointed from among the commanders of units or subunits of the engineer troops, ensures order and discipline at points where troops have to cross water barriers.

(2) The administrator of a house belonging to an institution or educational establishment or occupied by them.

References in periodicals archive ?
Inspector General Frontier Corps, Major General Mohammad Tayyab Azam presided over the FC Commandants Conference with Commander 11 Corps Lt.
Senate Defence Committee members appreciated the CMH Commandant and other staff members for providing the best treatment facilities to the injured persons.
Her early days there are clouded by her spirited defence of her ancestor, former commandant John Bennett, whom the islanders regard as a brutal tyrant.
The moment that we were presented with the trophy made me the proudest of all commandants.
Major redeployment of senior officers with the appointment of two new Commandants, three Air Officers Commanding and five Branch Chiefs was declared by the Nigerian Air Force (NAF).
Il etait parmi les plus eminents commandants de cette periode.
Army Chemical School (USACMLS) hosted a conference for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) commandants and commanders.
MANSCEN's commander provides command and control for the triad, as well as the installation, while the school commandants provide the strategic direction for their individual regiments and manage individual operations.
Cette reunion, qui regroupe les nouveaux commandants de groupement, de compagnie, les chefs de section de recherches et les chefs des unites des gardes-frontieres (GGF) designes, pour la premiere fois, dans ce poste, apprend-on aupres de cette institution.
Summary: Le commandant en chef et president du Conseil supreme des Forces armees (CSFA), le marechal Hussein Tantaoui, a decerne aux commandants des Forces armees qui ont fait valoir leurs droits a la retraite le 1er janvier 2012 la medaille de la republique de second grade.
Le President Moubarak a ete accueilli a son arrivee par le commandant general des Forces armees et ministre de la Defense et de la Production militaire, le marechal Hussein Tantaoui, le chef d'etat-major des Forces armees, le general Sami Annan, les commandants des principaux Corps d'armee, les hauts commandants des Forces armees, le Premier ministre, Dr Ahmed Nazif, le grand imam d'El-Azhar, cheikh Ahmed El-Tayeb, et un certain nombre de ministres.
First Deputy Interior Minister Sabyrbek Kurmanaliev was named as commandant in Bishkek and Chui oblast.

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