commission

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commission

1. a government agency or board empowered to exercise administrative, judicial, or legislative authority
2. 
a. the authority given to a person or organization to act as an agent to a principal in commercial transactions
b. the fee allotted to an agent for services rendered
3. US the head of a department of municipal government

Commission

A formal written assignment for a work of art or architecture, for which the designer is paid.

Commission

 

in civil law, a contract according to which one party (the commission agent) is obligated by the commission of another party (the principal) to conclude a transaction (or several transactions) with a third person in his own name and for compensation but in the interests of and at the expense of the principal. Commissions are most common in contracts of selling and buying. Acting in his own name, the commission agent must execute all obligations and realize all rights for the transactions concluded and then turn over to the principal all property received and also all rights in relation to the third person. The agent must be guided by the principal’s instructions; he has the right to deviate from them only in cases where this is called for by the principal’s interests and where the agent was unable to ask the principal in advance or did not receive an answer from him in time. The commission agent is not responsible to the principal for the third party’s performance in the transaction once it is concluded, except in cases where he assumes a special guaranty (del credere).

The commission agent has the right to receive compensation from the principal for performance of the commission. The size of the compensation is determined by agreement of the parties if no other amount has been established by law. In addition, the principal must reimburse the agent for all expenses incurred by him. The agent may take all these sums from the money received by him on behalf of the principal.

In the USSR the commission contract is controlled by the Basic Principles of Civil Law of the USSR and the Union Republics of 1961 and by the civil codes of the Union republics. According to Soviet law, socialist organizations that enjoy the rights of a legal person may act as commission agents if their charters envision such functions. For example, consignment stores carry out the commissions of citizens, based on commission contracts, to sell consumer goods and motor vehicles; consumer cooperative organizations sell farm products on commission from kolkhozes; marketing organizations carry out commissions from enterprises to sell surplus and unused materials and equipment; and foreign trade organizations are commissioned by socialist organizations to purchase goods abroad to be imported.

References in classic literature ?
The fiacre stopped at the door of a celebrated perfumer, and the commissionaire, deeming us of too much value to be left on a carriage seat, took us in her hand while she negotiated a small affair with its mistress.
When the commissionaire had gone, Holmes took up the stone and held it against the light.
The commissionaire and Morrison were talking together at the door.
Dashing down to the front hall he then laid similar charges of vigilance on the commissionaire at the front door, from whom he learned the simplifying circumstances that there was no back door.
I'll give you a sovereign if you'll wait here till I come back, and then tell me whether any man, woman, or child has gone into that house where the commissionaire is standing.
And when all three men gathered round the gilded commissionaire, who still stood smiling astride of the porch, the verdict was more final still.
They descended, passing the man with the pail, who again asseverated that he had let no intruder pass, down to the commissionaire and the hovering chestnut man, who rigidly reasserted their own watchfulness.
Early in July, secretary of Iran's Human Rights Council Mohammad Javad Larijani in a letter to UN High Commissionaire for Human Rights Navi Pillay blasted the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Iran, Ahmed Shaheed, for his baseless allegations against Tehran, and said his method of compiling reports runs counter to the principles of being a neutral rapporteur.
After the war, he became commissionaire at the Duke of Yorks Cinema in Brighton.
The vacancies include homestore sales manager, homestore department managers, homestore retail assistants, interior designers, visual merchandiser, furniture sales staff, flooring sales staff and commissionaire.
He left school as soon as possible at the age of 14; the story tells that one morning in 1932 he was walking past the BBC's new headquarters at Broadcasting House and asked the commissionaire if there were any jobs going.

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