Goldeneye

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Related to common goldeneyes: Barrow's goldeneye

Goldeneye

 

(Bucephala clangula), a bird of the subfamily Nyrocinae. Measuring up to 50 cm in length, it weighs 600–1.100 gm. The plumage in both males and females is dark gray; in the spring, the male’s plumage becomes black and white, with white spots at the base of the bill. The goldeneye is distributed in Europe. Asia, and North America. In the USSR it is found in the forest and part of the forested steppezones. The bird swims and dives well. It lives on open lakes and fast-flowing rivers and feeds on small fish, water invertebrates, and the seeds of aquatic plants. The goldeneye arrives in the spring with the appearance of the first wormwoods. Nesting in hollows, frequently high above the ground, it lays 8–12 eggs. It is easily acclimatized to simulated tree hollows, where its eggs can easily be gathered. It migrates in the winter. In the USSR the goldeneye winters in the southern seas and lakes; however, in bodies of water that do not freeze, it may winter in the north or even high in the mountains. It is of commercial value. A related form, the Icelandic goldeneye (B. islandica), dwells in Iceland, Greenland, and North America.

A. I. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Nest site selection by Common Goldeneyes in response to habitat features influenced by acid precipitation.
Nest sites used by Wood Ducks and Common Goldeneyes in New Brunswick.
Mean [[+ or -] SE] clutch size (sample size) of the host species only and total clutch size (including interspecific parasitic eggs) in incubated nests of Common Goldeneyes and Hooded Mergansers, Ste.
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) and Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus) are secondary cavity-nesting ducks that breed in the boreal forest (Dugger et al.
Eadie (1989) found no differences in habitat characteristics between successful and failed Barrow's (Bucephala islandica) and Common goldeneye nests in British Columbia.
Conspecific nest parasitism is associated with inequality in nest predation risk in the Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula).
We conducted Barrow's and Common goldeneye pair and brood surveys in a 217-[km.
Hatching losses of the Common Goldeneye in the Finnish Archipellago.
The Common Goldeneye duck and the role of nesting boxes in its management in north-central Minnesota.
Natural hybrids between the Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula, and Barrow's Goldeneye, B.
Nest-site limitation and density dependence of reproductive input in the Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula: implications for the management of cavity-nesting birds.
1999 2000 2001 2002 Number of boxes 105 133 127 130 Barrow's Goldeneye 0 9 7 12 Common Goldeneye 0 9 10 19 Goldeneye sp.